Tour of Northeast Holland

Discussion in 'WW2 Battlefields Today' started by 17thDYRCH, Aug 27, 2015.

  1. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member

    ********
    thank very much
    Kurt
     
  2. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Fragment from Van Ommen Kloeke, "De Bevrijding van Groningen", July 1945:

    Ommen Kloeke 1.jpg Ommen Kloeke 1a.jpg Ommen Kloeke 2.jpg Ommen Kloeke 3.jpg Ommen Kloeke 4.jpg


    Map from the same book (red arrows - actions on 13 April; green arrows - 14 April). I added RRC bridgehead text to it as well as some names.
    Ommen Kloeke 5.jpg
     
    Last edited: Mar 27, 2020
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  3. klambie

    klambie Senior Member

    MULVIHILL, Thomas Patrick, Lance-Sergeant (B.142765) (killed in action, 14 February 1945 at the Eems Canal, Groningen) - Bronze Lion (Holland) - Infantry - awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 22 December 1945 and CARO/6291 dated 24 December 1945. Recommended by Lieutenant-Colonel R.M. Lendrum, Commanding Officer, 1st Battalion, Royal Regiment of Canada on 29 August 1945; approved by Brigadier F.N. Cabeldu, Officer Commanding, 4 Canadian Infantry Brigade on 29 August 1945 and passed forward on 4 September 1945; approved by Major-General Charles Foulkes, General Officer Commanding 2 Canadian Infantry Division on 1 September 1945 and passed forward on 4 September 1945. Final approval by Lieutenant-General G.G. Simonds, General Officer Commanding Canadian Forces in the Netherlands on 6 September 1945 and passed on for action on 26 September 1945.


    Early in the morning of the 14th April 1945 Lance-Sergeant Mulvihill was in charge of a platoon of The Royal Regiment of Canada in the assault across the Eems Canal, Groningen. The enemy in a block of apartment houses were surprised but fighting became very confused as groups of enemy set up pockets of resistance using 20 millimetre 'flak' guns, machine guns and sub-machine guns.


    The cross fire from these posts was intense and it was with great difficulty that Sergeant Mulvihill fought through two blocks of houses. On two occasions the withering automatic fire threatened to break up the assaulting platoon but by his fine example and courageous leadership this Non-Commissioned Officer kept his force fighting on until the objective was gained.


    Unfortunately at the moment of final success as he led his platoon in the last charge Sergeant Mulvihill was shot at close range and killed. Had it not been for his utter disregard of personal safety and his inspiring bravery in pressing forward the attack the platoon would not have been successful and the whole company plan prejudiced.



    From Courage and Service: Second World War Awards to Canadians
    Blatherwick/Halliday – Service Publications
     
  4. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member

    *************

    OUTSTANDING!!! Thank you so much for this valuable info for my research on Sgt. Mulvihill. I am very grateful for your excellent assistance. KURT Johnson
     
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  5. 17thDYRCH

    17thDYRCH Senior Member Patron

    I am late joining in to this thread as I am on the road.
    Kudos to all that have participated in obtaining the information requested by Kurt. Well done!
     
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  6. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Great find Klambie! Unfortunately the citation errs re the location: the RRC crossed the Hoornsche Diep unseen near the shipyard of Kerstholt NV, at 21:00 hrs on the evening of 13 April 45. Establishing a small bridgehead the infantry, in early morning at 03:00 hrs, moved towards the Parkweg and Parkbrug. Here they clashed with the enemy who had taken up position in the housing blocks facing the bridge; see my map in post # 102

    Parkweg aerial.jpg
    Aerial of pre-war Groningen showing the Parkweg area with the bridge across the Hoornsche Diep; scene of the actions of the RHLI and RRC on 13 and 14 April 1945 (courtesy: 'Vier dagen in april", Huizinge & Van Leusen)

    House blocks along the Parkweg, this picture was made on the eastern bank of the Hoornsche Diep with view to the east towards the Heereweg. At the far end of the road an enemy quadruple Flak gun was positioned which fired straight down the road towards the Parkbrug:
    groningen-522.jpeg

    Parkbrug picture taken about 1950; the picture was taken on the western side of the Hoornsche Diep. The RRC came from the right, fighting their way towards the bridge through the housing blocks on the opposite bank of the canal:
    groningen-519.jpeg

    Another postwar picture, dating from the '50/'60-ies, of the Parkweg. This one was taken to the west of the Hoornsche Diep at the junction with the Paterswoldseweg. Again view to the east. The Parkweg bridge is visible somewhat down the road. To the left hand side of the road is the Parkschool that features on the second picture below.
    HC974-1.jpg

    Groningen - Parkschool.jpg

    Flak Groningen.jpg
    Several enemy quadruple Flak guns were deployed in a ground role for the defense of the city of Groningen. The picture shows one KO'd in the eastern part of the city center (courtesy Tweede Wereldoorlog in 50 foto’s)
     
    Last edited: Apr 14, 2021
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  7. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member

  8. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    No English version available; a dictionary perhaps? ;)
     
  9. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member

    Or a wife who was born in the Netherlands -- but her Dutch is that of a 9-year-old girl. LOL
     
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  10. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    As is my English ... :unsure:

    Groningen Parkweg.jpg
    I found the above picture buried somewhere deep in my files. I believe it was taken near the Parkweg from an upper window and shows some warily moving Canadian soldiers (RRC?), eyed by a Dutch boy ... who seems completely oblivious of the danger of the fighting that is raging at the moment. Note the broken window glass/stone debriss (?) on the pavement, which proves that there still is a war going on.


    Parkweg Groningen.jpg
    Canadian soldier of the Royal Regiment taking cover in one of the front gardens of the Parkweg. The picture was taken, not without risk, by one of the curious inhabitants of a second floor apartment (courtesy Tweede Wereldoorlog in 50 foto’s)
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Sep 24, 2020
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  11. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member

    I sent you this document by email too letter 3 pgs.jpg
     
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  12. Bedee

    Bedee Well-Known Member

    Will try to translate this, hope it is not in Stolpi's Dialect ;-)
    I hear you come to the Netherlands in May ? should be translated earlier then that.

    Most probably your wife can read this as this is OLD Dutch. From Old Dutch to English will take a bit more time, i see. But will fix it.
     
    Last edited: Mar 7, 2020
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  13. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Sheakspearian Dutch ... so to say :pipe:
     
  14. 17thDYRCH

    17thDYRCH Senior Member Patron

    Kurt,
    Sent you a PM.
     
  15. Bedee

    Bedee Well-Known Member

    Translation of Van Ommen Kloeke, the liberation of Groningen.

    IV.
    SATURDAY APRIL 14, 1945- THE BATTLE FOR THE BRIDGES

    The fighting on Friday night forced the access to Groningen.
    Saturday would be the capture of the main bridges.
    The main attack that day was aimed at the transitions over
    the Connecting Channel, while on the left wing an
    encirclement movement began to mark for the purpose of inclusion
    of the entire city center. On the right flank finally to
    support the main thrust, an attack from the south (Haren).
    In the previous chapter we have the Canadian tirailleurs
    left on the eastern bank of the North Wilems
    channel. They had been twice as lucky, because they were not left alone
    the first hours after their crossing went unnoticed, but noticed in front them the undamaged Park Bridge, which is at
    the moment they cross the channel for the Germans
    the bridge was lost. Canadian gunfire could crossfire the bridge or its surroundings to a murderous place for the enemy. So the first major bridge, by this surprising Canadian action came undamaged in canadian
    hands. More would follow that day.
    In the morning of Saturday already started at three o'clock
    to advance troops, creeping carefully from door to door
    in the streets near the canal. The lsselstraat was built
    Purified and an hour later the Park Bridge could be occupied. Dee
    Germans from the area had left with a silent drum!
    A few groups of Germans were still on the Parkweg
    houses were left behind, which only the mediation of the citizens

    64
    willingly accepted to be a prisoner of war unharmed
    get. At five at the crack of dawn was all
    purified in the neighborhood and an hour later, rolling stock rolled over the
    bridge and parked to the north and south of the Parkweg
    the Hoornsche Diep.

    The skirmishers, meanwhile, had been trained up along the Parkweg
    at the Achterweg, distributed cigarettes everywhere and had it
    shake hands and drink heart reinforcements, offered
    by the elated bourgeoisie. Anyone who knew with better would mean
    that the war was over. The sun was shining again and all suffering was gone
    to forget!

    The partygoers became sad from their happy thoughts
    startled. A machine gun creaked, civilians collapsed, Canada
    these dove into the porches. A German machine-gun group
    passed unnoticed along the Barestraat to the Achterweg and
    now gave fire to the quietly gathered people,
    A machine gun group also advanced via Davidstraat, the light
    weapon began to bark, answered immediately by the Canadian
    deesche rapid fire. The just peaceful street was in a front
    line recreated.
    Things got worse at nine o'clock that morning. A four-loop
    2 c.m. Flak guns and 2 single-barreled Flaks were mounted on the foot
    from the Viaduct and a hellish chatter began. The whole
    the length of Rabenhauptstraat and Parkweg shone a sea of fire.
    Windows clinked, light boxes crashed, roof tiles flew from
    the roof.
    Under these conditions, the Canadians saw a further
    advance towards Heereweg. That would take too many sacrifices
    ratio to the value of the target. Because this, achieving
    the city center could be done more easily.
    The event that now followed was of how small size
    Dock in appearance, one of the most important and what the consequences are
    rett the most tolerant in the entire liberation of Groningen.

    65
    Half a dozen Canadians sneaked like Indians along the east side
    van het Hoornschediep, left the railway bridge over it and left
    crept into the Van Hallstraat. Through the gardens behind the plots
    den Emmasingel became the home of the Van der Laan family vis-à-vis
    the Emma bridge reached by one group, while the rest settled
    in a basement of hotel Frascati on the corner of the Stationsplein,
    which hotel had recently been occupied by the Germans,
    A surprising sight unfurled before their eyes, In it
    Connecting channel pipes and masts protruded from the ground
    drilled tugs and cargo ships above the water, Het
    boathouse of, Aegir "was burned down. A German, Spreng-
    kommando "had these destruction in the early morning hours
    lined. At the Ubbo Emmiussingel were in the plots to
    on both sides of the house of notary Nijhoff machine gun positions
    furnished with the aim of lying across the water
    Cover station square. All obstructing objects
    had to be put aside for that with the just now
    said consequence. Finally, the Sprengkommando also had
    the Eelderbrug, the bascule bridge over the Hoornsche Diep, after a few
    make unsuccessful attempts jump upward. One on-
    March of the Paterswoldschenweg to the Emmasingel
    this has made it impossible, making the sector
    Eeldersingel-Eendrachtskade Z.Z. became of secondary importance.
    But our Canadian outposts saw more wonderful ones
    stuff. Two cigarettes walked at ease on the Emma bridge
    smoking Germans, while! an enemy over the Heerebrug
    car drove.
    Two blasts of fire sounded simultaneously. . . a scream. A
    dying German woman rolled around on the Emma bridge. The Heerebrug
    was immediately wiped clean. The setup was successful! Both bridges
    were under Canadian fire range and were still undamaged!
    It was now time to consolidate this situation.
    The 25-pounders, meanwhile, had started dispensing

    66
    a sideways spring fire along the Stationsweg. After dispensing
    from this the fire took a leap Over the Connection Channel and
    hopped along the canals from west to east. The Germans
    were therefore forced to hide. The contact
    with the troops fighting south of the Connecting Canal
    along the Heereweg and further south threatened to be lost.

    For six hours, the six brave Canadians held both bridges
    under constant fire. It was not until half past eleven that
    reinforcements that purified the entire Emmasingel and
    several enemies hiding in the houses,
    prisoners. A regular heavy machine gun fire could now be
    den issued to the Germans, who in the vicinity of the Emma
    square and shot back from the garden of the Diaconessenhuis, while
    a counterattack was nipped in the bud.
    The Canadians had not yet advanced to the station. Men
    feared to face fierce opposition there. But
    German morale was too bad for this. Then an hour later
    some Shermans from the Noord-Willemskanaal via the rails
    and driving up Van Hallstraat to this building, gave the occupation,
    consisting of six men, without difficulty. The whole
    building, the platforms and railways remained undamaged
    hands!
    The tanks now started along the south side of the Connection
    channel up and down, out of their armored domes with the
    Firing 75 millimeters on the German machine-gun nests on the
    Side of the water. The whole concert mixed in this hellish concert
    barking machine guns and dull humming mortars. The Ubbo
    Emmiussingel was under a heavy fire jump.
    At half past one it seemed as if this bombing would end
    A breathtaking silence fell over the ravaged webbing. The
    Germans on the Emmaplein were already starting up, then suddenly
    a wild fear trembled them. Like menacing prehistoric monsters
    two tanks rushed at them across the Emma Bridge, to all

    67
    silk spewing death and destruction. Full speed
    they turned and we already have the brave in one of them
    Phyllis recognized the Ubbo Emmiussingel on. Became a tree
    crushed, the advance continued to search for the hidden ones
    German machine gun nests. Ubbo Emmiusstraat was reached.
    Then a bang from an armored fist, shot from the Zuiderdiep,
    detonated in the Phyllis and she swung the Ubbo out of control
    Emmiusstraat and then ran up against the bookshop
    the northwest corner of the intersection Coehoornsingel-Ubbo
    Emmiusstraat. The four occupants were able to survive, but their
    vehicle and both corner houses went up in flames. Two
    Canadians were captured at the Coehoornsingel,
    but the other two knew on the corner of the Ubbo Emmius-
    jump out of the girth and ducked into the cellar
    van den dentist Hoogland, where they were received hospitably and
    the next morning could be dismayed by their comrades in arms
    Pine tree. The other tank withdrew behind the bridges.
    Immediately after this incident, artillery fire started again. It
    interlude had ended
    On the second platform of the station had already settled for two
    a lone Sherman lined up to keep the Viaduct under fire.
    Some grenades hit the houses on the northeast side
    of the Viaduct, as a result of which some parcels caught fire.
    After a short while a whole row of houses stood in a light blaze, which to
    burned to the ground.
    The Germans at the southern foot of the viaduct, that of
    as the Rabenhauptstraat had hit with their Flaks, were
    meanwhile withdrawn on the J. A. Feithstraat. The commander
    of the Canadian shock troops on the Parkweg had
    asked for artillery support and when it was
    appeared in the form of a 17-pounder (75 m.m.-
    anti-tank guns), with a dozen or so guns
     
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  16. Kurt Johnson

    Kurt Johnson Member


    Thank you so much for your hard work in translating this Dutch text from the 1940s. -- dank u vel
    I appreciate all your help -- this forum is certainly a very helpful experience. Kurt
     
  17. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Added an aerial of Parkweg to post # 106
     
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  18. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

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