It is true to say that (nearly) six million Jews perished during the period of the Holocaust but it is not true to say all these (nearly) six million were victims of the Holocaust---------in fact hundreds of thousands were victims of the war. The Holocaust victims were targeted as Jews while the others died in the same way as did Poles, Serbs, Greeks, etc. Some group and individual examples will make this clear. EXAMPLES: The siege of Leningrad. Some one million people died during the almost three year long siege, including tens of thousands of Jews. The latter were not Holocaust victims---they died in the same way as their non-Jewish neighbors. Over 140,000 Jews died in service in the Red Army. Most were war victims (excluding some thousands of POWs who were Holocaust victims). Bombing. Tens of thousands of Jews died during German strafing of refugee columns and bombing of hospitals, factories, schools and other public buildings---------they were war victims and not Holocaust victims. General Of The Army Ivan Chernychevsky---a Jew---commanded 3rd. Byelorussian Front. A Front command was the largest Soviet formation and the commanders included the cream of Red Army command-----Zhukov, Konev, Vatutin, Vassilevsky, Bagramian. General Chernyshevsky died in combat in January, 1945----------he was a war victim, not a Holocaust victim. Shalom Axelrod was an officer at Stalingrad, in charge of receiving supplies and fresh troops across the Volga. He was killed by shell fire----he was a combat death and not a Holocaust victim. This list could go on for many pages but the conclusion should be clear. And we should note that hundreds of thousands of Holocaust victims were not killed by the Germans but by their allies----Croatia, Slovakia, Romania, and pro-Nazi militias. Does the above matter? Only if you want to describe and understand the war with accuracy.