Colleagues; Whilst it is true that most of the fighting in North Africa, particularily Libya and Egypt, took place in more or less unhabitated areas and therefore not many civillians had to suffer the war, it is definitely not true, that there were no civillians to suffer the Desert War as a whole. The Germans had no units shipped to NA to occupy the area as they did in Eastern Europe - simply because they only came to support their "colleagues" who had completeley failed after their first attack towards Egypt. So they did not have theintention to directly rule Libya and Egypt but just to ensure that the "Italian Empire" would not collapse... BUT: Already before the war, Graziani did everything to well earn his name "Butcher of the Desert" - about a quarter to a third of the native population found dead during the last years of the "re-occupation". For example, the whole population of the Cirenaica was collected in concentration camps in 1930. Regarding the jewish population it must be said that there were whole villages south of Tripoli in the Jebel Nefusah which were populated by Jews. The Italians and not the Germans erected concentration camps for them during the war. I read a book which was published in 1942, written by a famous Hungarian who was for sure not anti-German, and he mentions the Jews as an important factor of the daily life in Tripoli -His name was L.Almaszy. The biggest problem for the local population was that during the war, they did not have a regular food supply any more - not that it was the intention to let them suffer; simply the priorities set to the scarce means of transport were not the same any more as prior to the war.