VERITABLE 1945: the Canadian finale (Moyland Wood & Goch-Calcar road)

Discussion in 'WW2 Battlefields Today' started by stolpi, Apr 28, 2013.

  1. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Part 2. Fight for the Goch - Calcar Road

    While the 7th Cnd Inf Bde still was fully engaged in Moyland Wood, the 4th Cdn Inf Bde (2nd Cdn Inf Division) made a dash forward to the Goch - Calcar road on 19 Feb 1945. For this attack the position around Louisendorf, gained by the Royal Winnipeg Rifles in the initial assault by the 7th Cdn Inf Bde, was used as a jumping off area. So let's first delve into the capture of Louisendorf by the Winnipeg Rifles, before describing the actions of the 4th Cdn Inf Bde.

    Map.png
     
    Last edited: Jun 19, 2018
  2. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    The Winnipegs at Louisendorf (16 - 19 Feb 1945)

    On 16 Feb the Royal Winnipeg Rifles (RWR), supported by two squadrons of the Scots Guards, got well away (see also post #3 for the 7th Bde plan of attack). 'A' and 'C' Coy crossed the start line in Kangaroos together and at about 1400 hours 'C' Coy, who had covered about 1500 yards, were on their objective (960497), with 'A' Coy followed by 'D' Coy passing through. The three companies pressed on to within fifty yards of their objective and then debussed to assault on foot. By 1700 hours the battalion had secured Louisendorf and consolidated. Though the advance had been subjected to heavy shelling and rocketing, casualties had been remarkably light: only in the direct assault was a heavier price paid in men, though the tanks suffered no losses. 240 prisoners were taken.

    Louisendorf map aa.jpg
    Map of the RWR action at Louisendorf, prior to the commitment of the battalion in the Moyland Wood. The Kangaroos of the 49 Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment carried the companies forward in the attack of Feb 16th.

    Kangaroo 1.jpg

    kangarooAPCtechnicaldrawings.jpg
    Each Kangaroo RAM had a loading capacity of eleven men, a section of infantry. In this way a section of three Kangeroos carried an infantry platoon and Platoon HQ.A Troop of 12 Kangaroos could lift an infantry company and a Company HQ.


    For more background info on the Kangaroo:
    The ‘Ram’ Kangaroo Armoured Personnel Carrier, Part 1
    The ‘Ram’ Kangaroo Armoured Personnel Carrier, Part 2
    The ‘Ram’ Kangaroo Armoured Personnel Carrier, Part 3

    I recently discovered that there is a Kangaroo displayed at a monument near Mill, just south of Nijmegen. Seems worth a bike-trip for some additional photographs: Preserved Tanks .Com | Location Profile.

    Edit: see post # 54 for pictures of the Kangaroo RAM at Mill
     
    Last edited: May 11, 2019
  3. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Goch Calcar rd 005a.jpg
    Louisendorf (churchtower) seen from the northwest with in front the farm complex that was 'C' Coy's initial objective. The ground to the north of Moyland Wood is open, lightly undulating country dotted with farmsteads whose buildings were fiercely defended by the Germans. In Feb 45 the thaw and rain turned the fields into a sea of mud and made conditions for vehicular crossing very difficult and at times impossible, even for tracked vehicles.

    C-Coy objective north of Louisendorf a.jpg
    Another view of 'C' Coy's objective taken from the road that runs northeast out of Louisendorf, which was 'A' Coy's objective. The Moyland Wood, with the Katzenbuckel, is clearly visible in the background.


    Goch Calcar rd 006a.jpg
    Another view of Louisendorf, now from high ground southwest of the village. The part of the settlement to the right was occupied by 'B' Coy of the RWR. Also to the right, marked by trees, is the road running to the southwest out of Louisendorf. The road leading into the village from the west is made visible by the trees to the left.


    Louisendorf Pathe.jpg
    Filmed from inside a Jeep and thus not very clear: A group of German POWs escorted to the rear by another Jeep. The location is the 'Hauptstrasse' just west of Louisendorf: the tree-lined road running out of the village on the left on the previous picture. The church is clearly visible at the end of the road.The big building on the left is the old Creamery (now gone). The filmsequence can be found here (from 3:05 onwards): Invasion Scenes Germany: British Troops
     
    Last edited: Dec 16, 2017
  4. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Louisendorf today

    Elisabethkirche_auf_dem_Louisenplatz,_Bedburg-Hau.jpg
    The small farming settlement of Louisendorf is in fact a contiguous settlement, built in diamond shapewith in the center a small protestant church

    Louisendorf Church.png
    ... around a small church, with inside an elevated open space.


    Goch Calcar rd 014a.jpg
    View from the Southern corner to the northwest. The church is to the right (not visible).


    Louisendorf Church a.png
    Post-war picture of the Louisendorf church ... the image was taken from the regimental history of the Essex Scottish Regiment. The ground was filled with piles of empty ammunition boxes. The top of the damaged church spire, which was only just standing, finally collapsed in an autumn storm in the fall of 1945 (courtesy Klambie).

    nlnnnimcokocdhfa.jpg
    Another image of the church at Louisendorf.
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: May 21, 2019
    CoenNL likes this.
  5. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    War Diary of the RWR for the period of 15 - 19 Feb 1945:

    DSCF8432aa.jpg DSCF8433a.jpg DSCF8434a.jpg
     
    Last edited: Sep 29, 2017
  6. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Goch Calcar rd 017a.jpg
    The hill 40 feature seen from the 'D' Coy area. The feature was taken by 'C' Coy on Feb 17, after a recce had revealed that it was not occupied by the enemy. The Company was later reinforced by the Carrier Platoon, which took up position to the north of the farmhouses. 'C' Company was in an exposed position only 500 yards from the forward enemy lines. To reach it necessitated traversing almost a mile of open high ground which was under direct enemy observation, where every movement immediately drew down heavy fire from enemy guns and mortars. It was this ground that Sergeant Thomas William Todd, of the 12th Canadian Field Regiment, crossed and recrossed in order to maintain line communications, for which he was awarded a Militay Medal (see post # 27 below).

    Goch Calcar rd 043 a.jpg
    Looking back from Hill 40 to Louisendorf. The eastern part of the village was occupied by 'D' Coy, which later moved further eastwards to the crossroads at 966483.


    German front line east of Louisendorf a.jpg
    After the fall of Louisendorf the Germans pulled their forward defensive line back to the last road running in front of and parallel to the main Goch - Calcar road. The Germans were entrenched among the farmhouses along the road. The line was backed up by an anti-tank screen with several 88mm guns. View of the northern part of this German defense line, looking southeast from the Goch-Calcar road. On the right, just beyond the farmhouses the ground rises to Hill 40 (farm on the rise is hidden by the trees).
     
    Last edited: Jun 23, 2018
  7. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Awards received by the RWR at Louisendorf:

    On 16 February 1945 Lieutenant Harry Haultain Badger was commanding Number 9 Platoon which led 'A' Company's assault on the fortified village of Louisendorf, Germany. The attack was made in Kangaroos, troop carrying tanks, and in the advance two of the tanks were knocked out leaving only the platoon commander and 10 men to make the attack. About 50 yards from the objective, Lieutenant Badger and his men dismounted under extremely heavy shell fire as well as machine-gun fore from a group of buildings nearby. Undeterred, the platoon commander quickly rallied his men and pressed home his attack with such vigor that the enemy's resistance collapsed. They were then fired on by the enemy in a blockhouse to the right. Realizing that, with his small party, he could not hope to clear the blockhouse, he dashed out of the building across a field that was being swept by machine-gun fire to a troop of tanks that were supporting the company attack and obtained one from the troop commander to support is attack. Gathering up his men on the return trip, the small party rushed the blockhouse with such zeal that the enemy, 50 in all, surrendered. The attack was carrried out with such daring that the group only suffered two casualties.

    For his action, Lieutenant Harry Haultain Badger was awarded the Miltary Cross. He was wounded in action at Moyland Wood some days later, on 21 Febuary.

    At Louisendorf Germany, on 17 February 1945, Sergeant James Ivan McIvor and one man went out and captured thirteen of the enemy. The next day and evening, Sergeant McIvor went out again, this time with seven men, taking fifty-seven prisoners.

    In all these patrols which Sergeant McIvor carried out with such great success, he displayed unusual gallantry. He went on extremely hazardous missions, without thought of his own safety, and handled the men in his patrols so expertly that, for the successes achieved, casualties suffered were almost negligible. He was absolutely dependable and would not hesitate even in the greatest danger and hereby inspired the men who worked with him.

    For these actions, Sergeant James Ivan McIvor was awarded a periodical Distinguished Conduct Medal.

    Sergeant Thomas William Todd, 12th Canadian Field Regiment, came to France on D-Day as a Lance Bombadier in charge of an artillery line maintenance vehicle. During the battle for the bridgehead, he displayed great bravery and fortitude in keeping communications open across exposed ground to the forward observation officers with the infantry. He was promoted to Lance Sergeant in charge of a troop signals when his Sergeant was killed at Carpiquet on 6 July 1944 and, since that time, he served faithfully through every engagement in which the Regiment has taken part.

    On 16 February 1945, after the capture of Louisendorf Germany by the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade, the battalions were defensively disposed pending the passing through of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, which did not take place until 19 February. The 11th Canadian Field Battery Observation Post was established under cover of fog in the area of 'C' Company, Royal Winnipeg Rifles, in an exposed position only some five hundred yards from the enemy lines. To reach it from battalion headquarters necessitated traversing more than a mile of open ground which was under direct German observation, where any movement immediately drew down heavy fire from guns and mortars. Over this ground, Sergeant Todd, as NCO in charge of line maintenance, continually crossed and recrossed in order to maintain line communications - in the initial stages directing his crew and, finally, when the going had become too precarious, alone on foot. Owing to the continuous enemy shelling and mortar fire, the line at no time remained uncut for longer than one hour, but orders had been given that the line must be maintained at all costs. To carry this out, Sergeant Todd never once hesitated to expose himself by day or night, despite not only the shelling, but also the activities of snipers still at large along the route between teh company areas. For three days and nights, neither Sergeant Todd nor his crew had any opportunity for sleep and his devotion to duty and bravery was not only a great inspiration to his own men but won the praise and admiration of all the infantrymen in 'C' Company, Royal Winnipeg Rifles.

    For these actions, Sergeant Thomas William Todd received the Military Medal.
     
  8. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    A search on Geoff's Search Engine gives the following casualties for the RWR at Louisendorf (16 - 19 Feb 1945):

    001 ALTO WW H/62769 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    002 BLAKE CA B/113626 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    003 BROOKS MR H/1260 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    004 BROTEN KO H/1845 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    005 BROWN TA M/8594 - 17/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    006 BUCHANAN N H/75052 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    007 CASTONGUAY JE C/103181 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    008 EASTERBROOK DH B/115841 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    009 GIRARD MMC K/3124 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    010 GOLD EW H/82030 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    011 HARVEY DF - - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    012 JENSEN RL H/41840 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    013 JOHNSON B H/18611 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    014 KOENIG LF A/105294 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    015 MATSEN JR K/40992 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    016 MCSPADDEN JE B/159460 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    017 PERRY QE C/5395 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    018 RYE EC H/40846 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    019 SCHNEIDER PJ M/1662 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    020 SEGUIN RA H/41242 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    021 STAMM RD H/14669 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    022 TRUDEAU AP H/66938 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
    023 WESTMAN CO H/1319 - 16/02/1945 ROYAL WINNIPEG RIFLES, R.C.I.C.
     
    canuck likes this.
  9. canuck

    canuck Token Colonial Patron

    Brilliant Stolpi
    I've enjoyed reading and viewing this content again. Your determination is impressive.

    Regards,
    Tim
     
    stolpi likes this.
  10. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    The 4th Cdn Inf Bde's thrust to the Goch-Calcar Road

    Due to the difficulties experienced by the 7th Cdn Infantry Bde in eleminating the enemy resistance in Moyland Wood, the 4th Cdn Infantry Bde's attack, which was to gain a portion of the high ground overlooking the small town of Calcar, not only was postponed several times, but the objective also gradually shifted to the south.

    Map 1.png

    When the attack finally went in, the 4th Cdn Bde's objective was changed to seizing a stretch of the Goch - Calcar road south of Calcar. About noon, on the 19th, the Bde launched the attack on a two battalion front. The Essex Scottish Regiment on the right and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Rileys) on the left. The Royal Regiment of Canada (Royals), remained in reserve. In support were: 'A' and 'B' Squadrons of the 10th Cdn Armoured Regt (Fort Garry Horse), the Toronto Scottish (MG), 14 field and 7 Medium Regts and two btys of heavy guns. The two forward companies of both leading battalions were to be lifted on to their objectives by armoured personnel carriers (APC's) of the 1st Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment.

    Kangaroos Rhineland.jpg
    Canadian infantry moving up in Kangaroos for an attack near Louisendorf

    Below a sketch with the tactical deployment of the 4th Cdn Inf Bde, as given by "Vanguard", the Regt History of the Fort Garry Horse:

    001a.jpg

    Attached the official report by the OC 4th Cdn Infantry Bde, Brigadier F.N. Cabeldu, DSO, ED (with courtesy of Klambie):

    IMG_5049a.jpg IMG_5050a.jpg IMG_5051a.jpg IMG_5052a.jpg IMG_5053a.jpg IMG_5054a.jpg IMG_5048a.jpg IMG_5056a.jpg
    .
     
    Last edited: Feb 18, 2017
  11. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    The Essex Scottish Regiment at the Goch-Calcar road

    Goch Calcar rd 016a.jpg
    The attack by the Essex Scottish Regiment, the right forward battalion of the 4th Cdn Inf Bde, started at noon. Behind a rolling barrage 'A' and 'B' Coys of the Essex Scottish Regt moved forward in Kangaroos, followed by 'C' and 'D' Coys on foot, which had to clear the ground the armour had passed over. View of the ground towards the Goch-Calcar road. The ground rises slightly to the road, forming a small crest. Just beyond the crest the enemy - the 12th Parachute Recce Battalion of 2nd Para Corps, remnants of Battlegroup Huetz (a 1st Parachute Army unit also known as Armee Waffen Schule) supported by a Fortress AT battalion - had established an 88mm anti-tank screen. Movement over the soft ground was difficult and, on each axis of advance, soon after passing the start line, several Kangaroos and tanks came bogged down, were knocked out by enemy anti-tank guns or were knocked out by mines. On the left, in the RHLI sector, there were 3 Kangaroo and 6 tank casualties and, all together, there were 11 tank casualties.

    Goch Calcar rd 018a.jpg
    The three farms bordering the main Goch-Calcar road; view from the west. The objectives of the two leading companies of the Essex Scottish, the Verkält or Brunshof and the Göttern Hof, were the first row of farmsteads beyond the main road. The roofs of the Verkält Farm are visible in the centre behind the trees. Göttern is further to the left, not visible on the photograph. 'The follow up companies of the Essex formed a firm base along the Goch - Calcar road. 'D' Coy of the Essex took up position around the Kranenbergshof. The Wilmshof held the battalion Tac HQ in its basement, while 'C' was on the right. From the cellar of the Wilmshof Lt.Col Pangham tried to direct the battle, while for a considerable time during the night, three German tanks and infantry, which had broken through, surrounded the farm and proceeded to level it with direct tank fire. For his action Lt.Col Pangham received an immediate DSO (see the recommendation below)


    Pangman DSO Essex Sct a.png Pangman DSO Essex Sct b.png

    Attached close-ups of the farmhouses (L to R: Schwarzenhof, Kranenbergshof and Wilmshof)
    Schwarzenhof.jpg Kranenbergshof.jpg Wilmshof.jpg

    Usually the 6-pounder ATk guns of the ATk gun platoon of 'S' Company would be brought up to consolidate a position, as soon as the infantry had gained the objective. The ATk platoon of an infantry battalion was equiped with six 6-pounder ATk guns, towed by brencarriers. At the Goch-Calcar road the Germans counterattacked before the guns could be properly set up in position. Pictures of Bren Carrier with attached 6-pounder courtesy Overloon War Museum aka 'Liberty Park'.

    069a.jpg
     
    Last edited: May 21, 2019
  12. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Verkält.jpg
    The group of farmhouses beyond the main road, known as Verkält or Brunshof (located between the trees in the center), which was the objective of 'B' Coy. Picture taken from the main road with view to the east. To the right, the main road to Uedem, lined by trees. The Kangaroos were unable to get right onto the objectives because of an enemy anti-tank screen. The infantry dismounted and fought on foot under a heavy hail of shrapnel and small arms fire. The Coys had many casualties - particular among the officers and this made it difficult to maintain 'B' and 'C' Coys as effective fighting units. At about two o' clock in the afternoon, before the battalion could establish itself fully on its objectives, consolidate and organise the defense, the enemy viciously counterattacked with tanks and infantry and continued to do so for the rest of the day and night. The right flank of the Essex bore the brunt of these attacks, and the failure of a British Division to secure ground to the Regiment's right earlier in the day because of a cancellation of their plans, threw a great burden on the Battalion which was not originally intended for it. Nevertheless, the Essex Scottish gallantly clung to their gains, even when all but overwhelmed.

    Brunshof.jpg
    The tiny Verkält settlement viewed from the east. The farmhouse to the right is the Brunshof; on the left, hidden by the trees the Scholtenhof. The road leads to Keppeln, which is in the back of the photographer.


    Götternhofa.jpg
    A little to the north of Verkält is the Hofmannshof, opposite the Göttern Hof, which was held by 'A' Coy of the Essex Scottish. During the heavy enemy counterattacks contact was lost with the Coy and nothing was heard of it again. The company was written off as lost, but at 0300 hrs on 21 Feb the Company under command of major Kenneth W. MacIntyre returned from what was thought to be 'the land of the missing'. The unit had made a stand at the Göttern & Hofmannshof position, despite being entirely cut-off and only numbering two officers and 38 men and some wounded, "because no order had been received by them to withdraw". According to one of the survivors of 'A' Coy they had an anxious time hiding in the cellar of the farm house, while enemy tanks and small packets of enemy infantry where roaming around. They occassionally could hear enemy soldiers shouting outside.

    Foster MM Essex Sct.png
     
    Last edited: May 21, 2019
  13. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    War Diary of the Essex Scottish Regiment (with courtesy of DYRCH):


    IMG_5500a.jpg IMG_5501a.jpg IMG_5502.jpg

    The Germans made use of their now-standard tactic of giving ground under pressure but then immediately launching counterattacks to recover the lost ground before, in this instance, the Canadians could consolidate their successes. This meant that infantry companies already weakened in the initial assault were often cut off and attacked from two or more directions, and one drastic solution was to call down artillery fire on their own positions. At the Goch - Calcar road the Germans reacted fiercely with everything in their formidable arsenal. The Essex Scottish were attacked by elements of the 116 Pz Division. At 14:16 hrs the Essex signaled to Tac HQ 4th Cdn Inf Bde an enemy attack coming in and asked for defensive fires. The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry was hit by an assault of tanks and infantry of a combat group of the Panzer Lehr division. Because of difficulties with the assembly of its sub-units, the assault of the latter was delayed and launched by early evening. At 20:05 hrs the Rileys reported tp Tac Bde HQ being counterattacked on the left flank. By 20:55 hrs the RHLI reported tanks coming in on the left. The was considered critical and at 23:35 hrs enemy tanks that had circled around the RHLI position attacked 'C' Coy of the Royal Regiment of Canada from the NE. The total amount of Germans tanks involved in the attacks was about 40. German tank losses amounted to 11 tanks, about a quarter of the armoured strength involved in the attack. Attached a sketch, from the Essex Scottish War Diary, showing the German counter-attacks against the 4th Bde's position along the Goch-Calcar road.

    Sketch Map 1.png
     
    Last edited: May 15, 2019
  14. 17thDYRCH

    17thDYRCH Senior Member Patron

    Stolpi,
    Thank you for all the excellent work that has gone into this thread.
    Bravo!
     
    stolpi likes this.
  15. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Awards won by the 10th Cdn Arm Regiment (Fort Garry Horse)

    The operation of the 4th Cdn Infantry Brigade was supported by tanks of A and B Squadrons of the 10th Cdn Armoured Regiment (Fort Garry Horse). The Armoured Regiment formed part of 2nd Cdn Armoured Brigade. After reaching the objective half of the attacking tank force was destroyed by fierce and accurate enemy fire.

    L/Cpl Angus D. Elliott, DCM

    At noon on 19 Feb 45 tanks of the 10th Cdn Arm Regt moved forward to support the Essex Scottish. Their task was to help the infantry to capture an enemy fortress area obstructing our advance to the Rhine. Just before the operation was to commence B 48896 L/Cpl Elliott, A.D. was given command of a tank in the point troop - his first command.

    Soon after reaching the objective half the attacking tank force were destroyed by fierce and accurate enemy fire. Before our infantry were able to dig in, a violent enemy counter attack, consisting of infantry and Panther tanks, overran the whole position. With blazing tanks all around, and despite murderous fire being brought to bear on him and is crew, L/Cpl Elliott held his ground with grim determination and courage. He directed the fire of his tank with such telling effect that the enemy suffered numerous casualties in trying to destroy him. Finally when his guns were out of ammunition L/Cpl Elliott ordered his crew to bail out but not to retire. Setting up a defensive position near the tank, he and his crew by using their own personal weapons, fought of any attempt made to dislodge them, meanwhile inflicting severe casualties. When darkness fell he and his crew crawled back to their tank and under the very noses of the Germans managed to bring it back to safety.

    There is no praise to high for this soldier, who when given his first command displayed such tenacity, determination and courage.

    For his action L/Cpl Elliott received an immediate DCM.

    Major Bruce F. MacDonald, DSO

    In the planning for the infantry cum tank attack for the 19 Feb 45 on Calcar, Germany Major B.F. MacDonald, 10 Cdn Arm Regt, gave valuable suggestions and advice. In the assault itself he was in command of "A" Squadron supporting the Essex Scottish. Very heavy enemy fire and smoke were encountered which made maintenance of direction and tactical control extremely difficult but, with no regard for his own personal safety, he led the attack with such skill and agressiveness that the infantry were put on their objective with few casualties. Before consolidation was completed however, a counter attack supported by tanks developed, but despite heavy hostile machine-gun, mortar, artillery and tank fire, severe casualties were inflicted on the enemy. During the counter attack his tank was hit and the Essex lost their company commander. Although wounded Major MacDonald remained on the objective and assisted the infantry. Forced to evacuate the tank as a result of a second direct hit, he rallied the remaining infantry and by daring leadership enabled the position to be held for some time until their ammunition was completely expended and they had been over-run and captured by the enemy.

    With great forethought Major MacDonald disposed of his papers and rank badges, and feigned a shell shocked trooper so convincingly that the enemy neglected to prevent his straggling and he eventually slipped into a slit trench and escaped. Though several miles behind the enemy lines he, due to careful observation, was able to retrace his steps to within 100 yards of the spot on which he had been captured. Despite the danger of recapture he took careful notes of enemy locations, identifications and equipment. On reaching the enemy forward positions he was pinned to the ground for four hours by our own barrage. The only protection he had was the protection of a slit trench dug with his own hands.

    Major MacDonald's brilliant leadership of his Squadron during the attack contributed greatly to the eventual success of the operation and his personal bravery was an example for all who engaged in the operation. The information he gained by careful attention to all he saw despite the danger involved was of greta importance and may have a deciding influence on future operations. This officer's bravery, tenacity, skill and forethought cannot be too highly commended.

    Major MacDonald received an immediate DSO

    001.JPG
    Map with the route of MacDonald taken from the Regt History of the Fort Garry Horse 'Vanguard'. From the map it looks like he was captured at the settlement of Verkält.

    Tanks KO'ed.png

    Excerpt from 'Vanguard' the Regt History of the Fort Garry Horse re the action at the Goch-Calcar road:
    002a.jpg 003a.jpg 004a.jpg 005a.jpg

    The Fort Garry Horse lost four men killed in the fight for the Coch-Calcar road; twenty one were wounded:

    001 BELL LR L/104948 10TH ARMD REGT 19/02/1945 FORT GARRY HORSE, R.C.A.C.
    002 MUSTARD JG L/100206 10TH ARMD REGT 20/02/1945 FORT GARRY HORSE, R.C.A.C.
    003 RUSSELL ME H/26674 10TH ARMD REGT 19/02/1945 FORT GARRY HORSE, R.C.A.C.
    004 TANAKA M L/36951 A SQN, 10TH ARMD REGT 20/02/1945 FORT GARRY HORSE, R.C.A.C.
     
    Last edited: May 15, 2019
  16. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Backing up the line, the Royal Regiment of Canada (19 - 22 Feb 1945)

    During the night of 19 February the Royal Regiment of Canada (RR of C), under Lt.Col. R.M. Lendrum, was brought forward from its reserve position. The Royals attacked in early morning with tank support of the 10th Cdn Armoured Regiment and restored the situation in the Essex area. The Germans, having suffered heavy losses, started to withdraw with the coming of daylight.

    Goch Calcar rd 019a.jpg
    Picture of the Wilmshof and Kranenbergshof taken from the west. At 2200 hrs, Feb 19, one platoon of 'D' Company of the RR of C went forward over the open ground to the aid of the Essex Scots, who later asked for a company to be sent as the situation was desperate. At 2359 hrs 'D' Coy moved forward to find Essex TacHQ at the Wilmshof held by enemy tanks and infantry, so returned. Next morning, at 1000 hrs, the RR of C launched a coordinated attack, supported by tanks of the Fort Garry Horse, to restore the Essex Scottish position.

    Excerpt of the War Diary (with courtesy of DYRCH):
    IMG_4829a.jpg IMG_4830.jpg IMG_4831a.jpg

    The early hours of 20 february were grim ones. Finally, at six o'clock in the morning, the rear headquarters group of the Essex Scottish Regiment withdrew to the assembly area under brigade orders. As remnants of the companies returned after day dawned, immediate steps were taken to reorganize and re-equip those who had fought so hard. In the afternoon the Commanding Officer, Lt Col.Pangham, and his staff returned in the assembly area on being relieved by a squadron of tanks from the besieged HQ position at the Wilmshof. After a visit to Brigade Headquarters and a survey of casualties and equipment losses, Pangham ordered an immediate refit for the line. Early on 21 February 'A' Company, which had been written off as lost, returned to the Battalion, having held their ground with two officers and thirty-eight men for over thirty-six hours. Final casualty figures showed 13 officers and 235 other ranks lost, about half the Battalion's rifle strength.


    Lieutenant Frederick R. Rea, CO of 'A' Troop, 18 AT Btty, 2nd Cdn AT Regt, was awarded a Military Cross for his action in support of the Essex Scottish. While the infantry withdrew to a more advantageous position on the morning of the 20th, his guns stood their ground alone, against an attack by a group of 5 Panther tanks; Rea's guns knocked out 2 Panthers during the engagement and drove the rest off:

    Rea MC 2 Cdn AT Regt.png Rea MC 2 Cdn AT Regt 1.png

    Sit Reps of the morning and early afternoon of Feb 20th, which demonstrate the 'fog of war' surrounding the fate of the Essex Scottish; the Sit Reps also give some further detail of the counterattack of the Royal Regiment of Canada on the morning of the 20th:

    Sitrep 20 Feb 45.jpg Sitrep 20 Feb 45 2.jpg
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2017
  17. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    Awards won by the Essex Scottish Regiment at the Goch - Calcar road:

    Captain Paul A. Cropp CO 'D' Company

    On 19 February 1945 'D' Company Essex Scottish Regiment was commanded by Captain Paul A. Cropp. Their role in the attack on the high ground on the Goch - Calcar road west [sic] of Louisendorf was to follow on foot the leading wave of infantry, who were advancing in armoured personnel carriers. They were to mop up any pockets of enemy resistance and provide a firm base for the Battalion.

    Under Captain Cropp's able and courageous leadership, the company fought its way forward as planned capturing many prisoners and a 75 mm anti-tank gun.

    As the Company arrived on the objective, they were strongly counter-attacked by a stubborn enemy who was most reluctant to yield the vital ground. Captain Cropp used his own and his supporting weapons with such skill that the attack was repulsed. He then supervised the consolidation of the position.

    During the night enemy counter-attacks with tanks and infantry were mounted against the position, but despite the fact he was out of communication with Battalion Headquarters, Captain Cropp made such sound use of his artillery support that each attack was repelled with severe losses. The firm stand by 'D' Company under their daring and capable leader helped, to a large measure, to assure the success of the Battalion operation.

    For his actions Captain Paul A. Cropp received an immediate Military Cross (MC)

    CSM Frank L. Dixon CSM & L/Sgt William H. Moriarity 'D' Company

    During the attack on 19 February 1945, on the feature astride the Goch-Calcar road west of Louisendorf, 'D' Company of the Essex Scottish Regiment were holding an important position on a second class road. Company Headquarters was in a cellar of a building near the road.

    The Company position was continually counter-attacked by tanks and infantry from 2130 hours till 0330 hours the following morning. Company Headquarters was exposed to the threat of two tanks and approximately a company of infantry. Company Sergeant Major Dixon and a NCO armed with a PIAT and a Bren gun mounted guard at the top of the steps to the cellar.The enemy infantry with covering machine gunfire from the tanks attempted to get into a position from which they could fire into the cellar, but were dispersed by fire from the weapons in the hands of Dixon and the NCO. On one occassion the blast from an enemy grenade blew the two courageous defenders down the steps, but they immediately returned to their position.

    When the enemy found their infiltration tactics were not succeeding. they attempted to move their tanks closer to the cellar entrance but this manoeuvre was thwarted by daring and skillful use of the PIAT by Dixon and the NCO. The tanks then proceeded to reduce the house to a mass of rubble with their guns, but despite a veritable hail of shrapnel and splinters the intrepid pair remained at their post.On one occassion the Bren gun jammed, due to incessant use. While eager helping hands cleared the gun, the resourceful defenders resorted to the use of our own and captured enemy grenades and rifles.

    The completely disregard for his own safety and the utter contempt for the enemy displayed by Company Sergeant Major Dixon inspired the entire Headquartersand his deeds will become legend in the Regiment. His determined persistence was largely instrumental in the success of the company action which in turn, was, to a considerable degree, contributory to the successful completion of the Battalion operation.

    For his deeds CSM Frank L. Dixon was given an immediate MM and a Bar. The NCO with CSM Dixon was L/Sgt William H. Moriarity who also received an immediate MM. His recommendation reads as follows:

    On 19th February 1945, 'D' Company of the Essex Scottish Regiment had succesfully reached their objective in the attack on the feature west [sic] of Louisendorf. Company Headquarters had been established in the cellar of a house.

    During the night the enemy strove desperately to retake the vital ground and launched continuous counter-attacks against the company postions with infantry and tanks. When 'D' Company Headquarters was threatened, Lance Sergeant Moriarity and Company Sergeant Major Dixon stationed themselves at the entrance to the cellar armed with a PIAT and a bren gun. They successfully warded off a tank attack by daring and skillful use of the PIAT. The enemy infantry then attempted to get into a position from which they could throw grenades into the cellar but the courageous pair drove them off with their bren gun. When, on one occassion the brengun jammed, the valiant defenders resorted to the use of their own and captured enemy grenades and rifles to keep the enemy at bay till the gun was repaired. On another occassion, the blast from an enemy grenade hurled them down the cellar steps but they hastily scrambled back to their position and continued the struggle. When the enemy found his efforts unavailing, he withdrew his tanks to a safe distance and proceeded to demolish the house with guns on the tanks. Despite the shrapnel and splinters Moriarity and Dixon stood their ground and finally had the satisfaction of seeing their enemy withdraw, beaten.

    Further forward, on the other side of the Goch-Calcar road, 'A' Company of the Essex Scottish Regiment was completely cut off, but nevertheless held on to its isolated position at the Göttern Hof.

    Major Kenneth W. MacIntyre, CO 'A' Company

    On 19 February 1945 the Essex Scottish Regiment was ordered to capture the high ground west [sic] of Louisendorf astride the Goch-Calcar highway. Major K.W. MacIntyre was in command of 'A' Company.

    The plan was that the infantry would follow the artillery barrage in armoured troop carrying vehicles and debus on their objectives. However enemy anti-tank defences forced the armoured troop carriers to halt short of their objectives. Major MacIntyre immediately debussed and organized his platoons and despite enemy shelling and sniping led his company forward to its objective and super-intended its consolidation.

    During the night and throughout the next day the enemy mounted continuous counter-attacks with tanks and infantry with the object of dislodging the company and regaining the vital ground. Communications with Battalion Headquarters were knocked out and the company was cut off by the enemy. Displaying gallantry beyond description Major MacIntyre gave orders that the position would be defended to the last man. Under his able and inspiring leadership his men never wavered and late the following day when our attacking orces arrived on the ground they found this brave band of men and their gallant leader still clinging tenaciously to the ground they had been ordered to hold.

    This determined stand contributed in no small measure to the success of the brigade attack which provided the division with a firm base from which to mount subsequent operations.

    Through his calm and resolute courage and complete disregard for his own safety Major MacIntyre set a magnificent example for his men which they were quick to follow with the result that another glorious page was added to the History of the Regiment.

    For his handling of the company Major MacIntyre received an immediate DSO.

    Private Lloyd P. Head, 'A' Company stretcher bearer

    Private L.P. Head was a stretcher bearer with 'A' Company of the Essex Scottish Regiment on 19 February 1945 during the attack on a feature west [sic] of Louisendorf.

    He was wounded early in the operation but continued to tend to the wounded under heavy enemy fire.

    When it was decided to move the company to a more advantageous positionPrivate Head volunteered to remain behind to take care of six serious stretcher cases. It was almost two days before it was possible to reach the little party to evacuate the wounded men but Private Head never left them despite continuous enemy shelling. He managed to keep up their morale throughout this long period under the most difficult conditions. At no time did he divulge to them the fact that the company had found it necessary to move and that they actually were in "no man's land".

    For his action Private Head received an immediate MM.

    Lieutenant Horace R Tucker, the Bn IO, MC
    Tucker  MC Essex Sc.png Tucker  MC Essex Sc a.png
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2017
  18. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    A search on Geoff's search engine reveals the following 50 casualties for the Essex Scottish Regiment in the period of 19 - 22 February 1945, which exceeds the number given in the 4th Cdn Bde's report written by Brigadier Cabeldu:

    001 ASH WK A/109161 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    002 AVEY LG A/106267 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    003 BALCH WH B/81701 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    004 BANNISTER KR A/22618 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    005 BELL E B/27059 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    006 BRULE LD B/103162 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    007 BURNS RH - - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    008 CARTER DR G/50007 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    009 CHESTER GE - - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    010 CHOMYN JP L/107903 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    011 DENNIS WI A/107416 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    012 DOREY C F/5491 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    013 DOWNEY RC A/37910 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    014 DRUMMOND S A/115707 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    015 EVANS LC A/61568 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    016 FALSETTO HJ A/114106 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    017 FLEMING EN A/115586 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    018 FOX HH B/145491 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    019 GAULT EJ A/109779 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    020 GEHL FW A/107365 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    021 GILCHRIST CW B/54876 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    022 GORDA J H/16902 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    023 HANLEY LL F/7492 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    024 HAWKINS DA B/18655 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    025 HEAL RL B/132177 - 21/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    026 HETHERINGTON WH M/101517 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    027 HILL AE H/70557 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    028 JANZEN M H/64605 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    029 KAY WJ A/61022 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    030 KERR J A/28108 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    031 KOTOWICH W H/43320 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    032 LAMONTAGNE PEE - - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    033 LEEK GW K/50719 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    034 LUNDQUIST FJ H/102298 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    035 MARTIN WG A/115999 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    036 MCGREGOR TL B/116612 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    037 MILLARD HM A/20731 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    038 PAINTER HF L/61816 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    039 PINCH WD F/95588 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    040 PULLAN JT M/8295 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    041 RAYNER RE C/118582 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    042 RICE LJ K/16376 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    043 SEARLE CJ A/109746 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    044 SKEAD FA H/22201 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    045 STOCKDALE RL A/108120 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    046 THURSTON C A/99389 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    047 WARD CR H/204621 - 20/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    048 WHITEHEAD SM B/16982 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    049 WILLIAMS JD - - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.
    050 WILSON WW G/12262 - 19/02/1945 ESSEX SCOTTISH REGIMENT, R.C.I.C.

    The Royal Regiment of Canada's casualty list shows 17 men fallen for the same period:

    001 ALCOCK WR H/54839 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    002 DAVIS JE B/143118 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    003 DENSMORE BD B/117117 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    004 DREW WE B/85584 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    005 ELLIS WJ - - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    006 HALL RL A/106027 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    007 KLINCK AA B/59238 2ND BN 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    008 KYLE WL B/17456 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    009 MARACLE JE C/122896 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    010 MCINTOSH AJ B/111596 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    011 MOORE NH H/18638 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    012 ORAM JJ G/10125 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    013 ORR DE B/68409 1ST BN 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    014 STAPLE DG B/138646 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    015 STONE FC B/136563 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    016 STREMBLE JH B/162187 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
    017 VAN WART PR B/145836 - 19/02/1945 ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADA, R.C.I.C.
     
  19. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry at the Goch-Calcar road (19 - 22 February 1945)

    On 19 February, the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (RHLI), the 4th Cdn Bde's left forward battalion, also pushed on to the Goch-Calcar road with the leading companies carried forward in Kangaroos and the two reserve companies moving up on foot to mop up. The RHLI, under command of Lt.Col. W.D. Whitaker, were quick in forming up and moving forward and, after heavy fighting, managed to secure ground almost on top of their objectives. The Battalion followed the own barrage, but the enemy had a counter-barrage just 100 yards behind it. Again,the anti-tank screen of 88's made it so hot for the Kangaroos that they had to drop off their men short of the objectives.The anti-tank guns and enemy mines accounted for several tank losses in the RHLI sector, 3 Kangaroos and 6 tanks became casualties.

    Goch Calcar rd 017a.jpg
    The axis of 'A' company, the right forward company of the RHLI, ran parallel and close to the road connecting Louisendorf with the Goch-Calcar road. The ground in this area, as with the axis of the Essex Scottish south of this road, is lightly undulating, almost flat. The Company was followed by 'D' on foot.

    RHLI axis.jpg
    Further to the north the ground slightly drops off. Here lay the axis of 'B' Company, the left forward company of the RHLI. 'C' Company followed on foot.


    RHLI ground.jpg
    View of the sector of the RHLI's attack from the Goch-Cacar road. The enemy forward defensive line was established in the farm houses along the small country lane in front of the main road. Louisendorf is visible in the background.

    001a.png
    One of the six 88mm guns that were knocked out by the Canadians along the Goch-Calcar road. Not a real 88mm gun, as can be seen by the muzzle, but a captured Russian 85 mm AA gun that was put into service by the German Army and recalibrated to fire 88mm shells. Attached a picture of Shermans of the Fort Garry Horse passing a knocked out 'German' 88mm. Nice close-up of the gun muzzle. Is it the same gun as on the above picture?


    Fort Garry Horse Gochcalcar rd.png

    Pictures of a 88 mm gun at the Arnhem War Museum (Schaarsbergen):
    009a.jpg 010a.jpg

    Extract of the Regt History of the RHLI re the action along the Goch-Calcar Road:
    DSC02899.jpg DSC02900.jpg DSC02901.jpg DSC02902.jpg DSC02903.jpg DSC02904.jpg DSC02905.jpg
     
    Last edited: Feb 18, 2017
  20. stolpi

    stolpi Well-Known Member

    The objectives for the forward companies of the RHLI were the Schwanenhof ('B' Coy) and Ebbenhof ('A' Coy). The follow up companies were to occupy positions along the Goch-Calcar road as a firm base for the Battalion. Battalion Tac HQ was established at the 'Molkerei' (the milk factory) on the Goch-Calcar road.

    Ebbenhof.jpg
    The Ebbenhof, view from the southeast, was 'B' Company's objective. Because of the heavy enemy resistance, the company did not make it as far forward as the Ebbenhof ....

    Molkerei houses east of G-C rd a.jpg
    ... instead the Company gained the houses just east of the Goch-Calcar road, in front of the 'Molkerei' which is visible in the left background. From this position Major Frogett ran back to the Bn HQ in search for reinforcements against the attack of the Panzer Lehr later that night. Here he found one of the 17-pounder SP's of the 18th Canadian Anti-tank Battery, 2nd Canadian AT Regt, RCA, which was brought forward and successfully engaged the Panther tanks.


    Molkerei 1.jpg
    The old milk factory,used by Lt.Col Whitaker as hisTac HQ ...


    Molkerei 2.jpg
    ... nowadays is a farmers cooperative market. This is not the original building. The old top-structure was completely destroyed during the battle, what still remains of the original building is the double storeyed cellar, where the Canadians took cover from the enemy shelling.

    Goch Calcar rd 037a.jpg
    Just north of this position, along the small road to Neulouisendorf, an eastward branch of the main Goch-Calcar road, was 'A' Company's objective: the Schwanenhof.

    Schwanenhof 2.png
    The war damage is still visible on the gable of the dwelling of the Schwanenhof

    Schwanenhof area viewed from the north a.jpg
    Schwanenhof view from the north from the edge of the Goch-Calcar road. The farm is situated along the road to Neulouisendorf, an eastward branch-off of the main Goch-Calcar road. The tanks of the Panzer Lehr used the drop in the ground to circle around the position.

    Panther KO'd.jpg
    A picture of knocked out Panther tanks that could easily have been taken at the Goch - Calcar road (not). The Germans lost a score of tanks in their futile attacks against the Canadian 4th Brigade (courtesy Panzernet.net).


    6a5e0342f6ef0cadc89fe6158ec6f8e8.jpg
    One of the KO'd Panther of the Panzer Lehr, 3./Pz Lehr Regt 130, near the Goch-Calcar road. Of the two Panther and one Jagdpantherkompanien (each 14 tanks) even with the added support of 8./Pz L Rgt 130 (a mixed company with Mk IV and V tanks) only 22 tanks were available for the attack with KG Hauser, about half of these were lost during the battle (courtesy Axis WWII Discussion Group: Jens: That Bad Pussy, AKA Panther "821"(?), etc...).

    Ger1945Jpanth.jpg
    The battlegroup of the Panzer Lehr also used a number of the formidable Jagdpanthers against the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry. On 10 Feb 45 a number of 14 brand new Jagdpanthers had been delivered to the Pz.Regt 130 of the Panzer Lehr. One of these was knocked out at the Schwanenhof farm. The above picture of the Jagdpanther, belonging to the s.Pz.Jg.Abt. 655, was taken elsewhere; this Jagdpanther was knocked out at the Dammershof on the northern edge of the Reichswald, just to the south of Cleve (see
    VERITABLE: 15th Scottish & 43rd Wessex Divisions in the Reichswald battle (Feb 1945)).
    Canads-inspect-Jagdpanther.jpg user5890_pic24912_1246282783.jpg

    Attached some close-ups of the Schwanenhof & Molkerei:
    Schwanenhof 2.png Schwanenhof 3.png Schwanenhof area viewed from the north a.jpg Molkerei 1.jpg Molkerei 2.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jun 29, 2019
    CoenNL and Owen like this.

Share This Page