I don't think anybody was going to eclipse anyone, as any communist government was going to be greeted in arms, treated as brothers, not rivals. Cuba & China serve as my examples. I didn't notice any rivalry between the USSR and the aforementioned two. My comments concerning the USSR's goals or interest in international communism were specifically about Stalinist Russia as I thought we were discussing the period prior to and during WW2. With regards to the USSR and Communist China and their brotherhood, I can't help but wonder how many ICBM those two countries have had targeted at each other since the 70's. It's purely speculation on my part but I imagine it's more than a few. I believe that Vietnam and China fired a few rounds at each other (after the USA had departed the scene) despite their communist brotherhood. Check out this link ( another wiki page. Sino-Soviet border conflict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and another one; Sino-Vietnamese War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia IMO political ideologies are like religions, perhaps somewhat more tangible but none the less, largely an idea in someones head which looks great but when put into practice by men is always corrupted by the men in control. When it comes to countries and relationships between them, it always boils down to money and power, regardless of what your political faith is. I think in most cases these days it's best to not believe what the people in power are telling you.