Just wanted to throw out a few general comments on what has been said so far. RE: Gasoline rationing. If you've ever heard the phrase, "is this trip necessary?" that comes from the gasoline rationing days. People were asked to ask themselves that before taking any trip, to see if they would be wasting gas, petrol. RE: Submarine attacks off US coasts. That was really pretty major, not just a few isolated attacks. Operation Drumbeat is one name for the German assault on US coasts. I imagine the easy pickings off our coasts, ineffective black out, inexperienced escort crews, surprise, must have been a gold mine for U-Boat skippers. RE: Rosie the riveter and the home workers. Now days a lot of people have the idea that everybody worked, and that the soldiers really appreciated the sacrifices made by the home front. I've chatted onliine with a number of them still harbored bitter feelings about people they considered war profiteers, slackers, or even unpatriotic. That might be the case in any war. One aspect not touched here is how so many people felt so strongly for the President, FDR. My Dad used to say that my Grandmother never worried about him when he was overseas until the day FDR died. Her feelings were that if FDR could die, anybody could, and my Dad wasn't safe. For many people FDR WAS the war effort. I don't know how he compares to Churchill in regards to how the people felt about him, but I know that many, many people were so confident in him that as long as he was alive, they felt victory was a sure thing.