JUNO BEACH.

Discussion in 'NW Europe' started by Trux, Jan 1, 2014.

  1. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Mike Beach.
    H + 135 Minutes.

    Mike Green.

    Three LCT IV land with bridging vehicles plus vehicles for 3 Canadian Division and Beach Group .
    *Serial 1132 is an LCT IV carrying
    2 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Decking.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Ramp.
    6 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Panels.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Accessories.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Grillage.
    1 Bulldozer D8 with 2 crew from 22 Beach recovery Section REME.
    2 men and a balloon from 51 RAF Balloon Unit.


    *Serial 1133 is an LCT IV carrying
    4 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Decking.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Ramp.
    2 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Panels.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Accessories.
    1 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Grillage.
    1 ARV with 5 crew from 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment.
    1 Jeep with 2 crew from Headquarters 7 Canadian Brigade.
    1 Jeep with airborne trailer and 3 crew from 1 Field Dressing Station. Officer Commanding’s reconnaissance.
    1 Jeep with 4 men from 80 AA Brigade. Reconnaissance.
    2 men and a balloon from 51 RAF Balloon Unit

    *Serial 1134 is an LCT IV carrying
    2 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Decking.
    2 3ton GS from 106 Bridging Company RASC. Bailey Panels.
    1 Armoured D7 Angledozer towing a Jahn trailer with 3 crew from 59 Mechanical Equipment Section
    2 Carrier Universal with 4 crew from Royal Winnipeg Rifles
    2 Motorcycle from Royal Winnipeg Rifles. Carried on Carriers above.
    2 Carrier Universal towing 6pdr AT guns with 4 crew from 1 Canadian Scottish Regiment.
    1 15cwt 4 X 4 with 2 crew from 1 Canadian Scottish Regiment.
    1 Motorcycle from 1 Canadian Scottish Regiment.
    1 Amphibious Jeep with 2 crew from RN Boom Command.
    8 men from RN Boom Command.
    1 Jeep with 1 crew from ‘J’ Section 3 Canadian Division Signals.
    1 Jeep with 2 crew from 80 AA Brigade. Command.
    5 men from Headquarters 8 Kings Regiment. Beach Group.
    2 men from 21 Army Group Movement Control. Military Landing Officers staff.
    3 men from Signal Platoon 8 Kings Regiment. Beach group.
    3 men from 297 GT Company. Reconnaissance.
    2 men with a balloon from 51 RAF Balloon Unit.


    106 Bridging Company RASC.
    CRE 3 Canadian Division was responsible for the construction of Class 40 Bailey bridges over the River Seulles at Colombiers and Pont de Reviere. The estimated time of completion was H+11 hours for Colombiers and H+7 hours for Pont de Reviere. The main party of 18 Canadian Field Company moved forwards with the infantry to the River Seulles and carried out reconnaissance and classification of the bridges. Both the bridges were found to be intact and safe to use so no bridge construction was required and the platoon of 106 Bridging Company was not called on at this time.

    Mike.
     
  2. Tom OBrien

    Tom OBrien Senior Member

    Mike,

    As usual, absolutely brilliant stuff. Many thanks for posting these details.

    Regards

    Tom
     
  3. Aixman

    Aixman WE addict

    Mike,

    Many thanks again for posting the very detailed information.
    Looking forward ...
     
  4. 17thDYRCH

    17thDYRCH Senior Member Patron

    Mike,
    Great stuff. Thanks for posting.
     
  5. Mike L

    Mike L Very Senior Member

    Mike,

    Brilliant effort as usual - wouldn't expect anything else from you!

    One (maybe silly) question: You said these are April 1944 loading tables, were they ever revised later than April?
     
  6. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Mike.

    Yes. However the April tables seem to be the latest ones to have survived. Where the changes, additions, revisions or amendments are known they have been incorporated into the text. In general any major changes were in the specialist armour. There were some additional units and craft which are, or will, be mentioned here.

    The available tables for Sword are dated March. It is only through an unusual set of circumstances that we have a set of later tables for Gold. A New Zealand official observer landed on Gold and was later killed. A set of tables were amongst his belongings and these were sent to his home, eventually finding their way to the New Zealand archives.

    Naval orders, tables etc are dated late May.

    Thanks for kind words.

    Mike
     
  7. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    JUNO BEACH.
    7 Canadian Infantry Brigade.
    Nan Green.

    Nan Green was not as busy as the Mike beaches on D Day, although it would become very busy later. It was cut off from the Mike beaches by the River Seulles and there would be no communications open until later in the day. The units landing on Nan Green had not only to assault the considerable defences at the mouth of the river and along the shore, but had then to clear the town of Courseulles.

    Mike
     
  8. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    7 Canadian Brigade.
    Nan Green.

    H-7minutes.

    ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment.
    Four LCT3 from 4 LCT Flotilla carry ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment.

    *Serial 1004 is an LCT3 from 4 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1005 is an LCT3 from 4 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment
    The Squadron Commander rides in this craft therefor this should be the Flotilla Commanders craft.

    *Serial 1006 is an LCT3 from 4 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1007 is an LCT3 from 4 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    Note:
    The Landing Table dated 14 April shows 18 DD tanks of which 13 are Sherman V and 5 are Valentine MkXI. This suggests that at this date there were five troops. Probably each of two Sherman and one Valentine. A lot happened before June 6 and it is known that by then all the DD tanks were Sherman but there remains some debate as to exactly how many or how they were organised.

    The squadron was told that they could not launch and would be beached. The LCTs proceeded slowly forward towards the shore on a zigzag course. At 5000 yards the sea had improved and the order to launch at 4000 yards was given. Launching took some time because of the LCTs rolling in the rough sea. Nineteen tanks were launched but one failed to start and was landed later. The DD tanks then made for shore. One tank was lost almost immediately when its engine stalled and two more sank when their screens collapsed in the rough seas. The Squadron Commander’s tank was hit and disabled some 200 yards from shore and the crew escaped in their dinghy.

    Only 14 tanks touched down on the correct beach, one came ashore later some distance to the east. They were however still ahead of the infantry. Two tanks were drowned after deflating, having been caught by the rapidly rising tide. One tank was knocked out on the beach.

    The squadron gave support on the beaches and knocked out a number of gun positions. When the exits were opened they advanced inland supporting the Regina Rifles in the task of clearing Courseulles.

    Mike.
     
  9. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan Green.
    H Hour.

    Breaching Teams.
    Five LCT5 from 162 LCT Flotilla carried Breaching Teams which were to make two exits from the beach.
    There were some redistribution of the loads for some craft between 14 April and 6 June but the numbers and types of vehicles remained the same.

    3 Troop.
    Blue Gap (M3).
    *Serial 1022 is an LCT5 162 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 3 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Log Carpet and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 3 Troop 26, Assault Squadron RE.
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE.

    *Serial 1023 is an LCT5 162 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 3 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Bobbin and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE.
    1 AVRE with Plough and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE. Tows a sledge. Half Squadron Commander.
    1 Caterpillar D7 Armoured Angledozer with 2 crew from 3 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE.

    Note: There is some disagreement as to whether the D7 or an AVRE was carried in Serial 1023. In either case the other vehicle was carried in the reserve, Serial 1023A.

    Half Squadron Reserve.
    *Serial 1023A is an LCT5 162 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 3 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE.
    2 AVRE with 12 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE.

    4 Troop.
    Red Gap (M4).
    *Serial 1024 is an LCT5 162 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 3 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Log Carpet and 6 crew from 4 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE.
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 4 Troop, 26 Assault Squadron RE.
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE.

    *Serial 1025 is an LCT5 162 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 2 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE. Tows a Porpoise.
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE.
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 4 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE.

    The LCT5s are listed as being fitted with roller doors.

    The two troops assigned to Nan Green both arrived late. 3 Troop arrived at 0815 and 150 yards east of the planned gap. At this time the tide had covered the beach obstacles, the infantry had landed but were still on the beach and the DD tanks were firing from the surf or advancing up the beach.

    4 Troop arrived even later, at 0831, but in the correct place, where 3 Troop were already working. Flails from 3 Troop gave covering fire while a Flail from the Reserve mounted the dunes and continued inland, opening up a way to an anti tank ditch. An AVRE of the Reserve with a fascine followed and dropped its fascine in the gap and then crossed over. A second AVRE with fascine from 3 Troop dropped its fascine in the ditch further along. 4 Troop had now landed and flailed a second route to the crossing and then laid a further fascine alongside the other. Both crossings were improved by armoured D7s and a route to the first lateral was open by 0900. No mines were encountered as the route passed through the defended locality.

    AVREs were then used singly or in half troops to assist the infantry in the town.

    Blue Gap was opened by having an armoured D7 bulldozer a ramp and then the Bobbin AVRE laid its matt to allow wheeled vehicle to use the exit. AVREs had to stand by to tow vehicles through the soft sand to the exit.

    At 0915 Red Gap was blocked when a trailer towed by a bulldozer overturned at the ditch. An AVRE with a SBG bridge was sent to lay a bridge over the ditch but it slipped and fell off when crossing the dunes. A second SBG was sent up and was positioned successfully by 0945. This then carried traffic all day. Later a further fascine was dropped in the gap and logs used to make a wheeled crossing twenty foot wide.

    When the tide went out six AVREs and two armoured D7s were used to clear the beach obstacles. There were hedgehogs, Element C and ramps with mines or shells attached.

    Mike
     
  10. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    2 Royal Marine Armoured Support Regiment.
    The four LCT4 from 105 LCT Flotilla carried ‘S’ and ‘T’ troops, 2 Royal Marine Armoured Support Regiment.

    *Serial 1013 LCT(CB).
    6 Canadian Armoured Regiment.
    2 Sherman Vc (Firefly) with 8 crew.

    ‘S’ Troop.
    *Serial 1014. LCT(A) from 105 LCT Flotilla.
    2 Tanks Centaur with 10 crew from ‘S’ Troop, 2 RMASR. Tow Porpoises MkII.
    5 men (ammunition handlers) from ‘S’ Troop, 2 RMASR.
    Space for additional ammunition. 50 rounds.

    2 D7 Bulldozer Armoured and 4 men from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Infantry Division (Special Bulldozer Increment).

    13 men and an airborne truck from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.


    *Serial 1015. LCT(HE) from 105 LCT Flotilla.
    2 Tanks Centaur with 10 crew from ‘S’ Troop, 2 RMASR. Tow porpoises MkII.
    5 men (ammunition handlers) from ‘S’ Troop, 2 RMASR.
    Space for additional ammunition. 50 rounds.
    1 Sherman OP with 5 crew from ‘S’ Troop, 2 RMASR.

    2 D7 Bulldozer Armoured and 4 men from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Infantry Division (Special Bulldozer Increment).

    1 Car 5cwt 4 X 4 (Jeep) and 3 men vehicle party from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    11 men and an airborne truck from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.


    ‘T’ Troop.
    *Serial 1016. LCT(HE) from 105 LCT Flotilla.
    2 Tanks Centaur with 10 crew from ‘T’ Troop, 2 RMASR. Tow porpoises MkII.
    5 men (ammunition handlers) from ‘T’ Troop, 2 RMASR.
    Space for additional ammunition. 50 rounds.

    6 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.


    *Serial 1017. LCT(A) from 105 LCT Flotilla.
    2 Tanks Centaur with 10 crew. from ‘T’ Troop, 2 RMASR. Tow Porpoises MkII.
    5 men (ammunition handlers) from ‘T’ Troop, 2 RMASR.
    Space for additional ammunition. 50 rounds.
    1 Sherman OP with 5 crew from ‘T’ Troop, 2 RMASR..

    12 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.


    ‘S’ and ‘T’ Troops landed on Nan Green between 0820 and 0845. ‘T’ Troop received no requests for fire while on the beach but ‘S’ Troop was requested by a Forward Observation Officer of 13 Canadian Field Regiment to engage a tower containing a machine gun. The two troops exited the beach about 0930 and harboured just to the east of Courseulles. ‘S’ Troop assisted ‘A’ Company, Regina Rifles in taking the strongpoint in Courseulles.

    Mike.
     
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  11. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan Green
    Assault Infantry.

    Regina Rifles
    ‘A’ and ‘B’ Companies land together with assault demolition parties and mine clearance parties from 6 Canadian Field Company. Two Forward Observation parties from 13 Field Regiment RCA, one per company, and two Forward Observation Officers Bombardment teams also land after directing fire of the SP guns on the run in.

    *Serials 1044 to 1048 were 5 LCAs of 505 Assault Flotilla from LSI J14 Isle of Thanet carrying
    127 men from ‘A’ Company
    18 men from 6 Canadian Field Company RCE. Demolition and mine clearing teams.
    3 men from 13 Canadian Field Regiment SP. Forward Observation Officer.

    *Serial 1049 was an LCS(M) of 505 Assault Flotilla from LSI J14 Isle of Thanet carrying
    4 men from 13 Canadian Field Regiment SP. Bombardment Forward Observation Officer No1. To land as required. To observe the effects of the bombardment by field artillery during the run in and to control the fire of Royal Marine Centaurs in support of the infantry companies.


    *Serials 1050 to 1054 were 5 LCAs of 510 Assault Flotilla from LSI J15 Invicta carrying
    127 men from ‘B’ Company Regina Rifles
    7 men from Regina Rifles Pioneer Section. To clear wire with Bangalores.
    12 men from 6 Canadian Field Company RCE. Demolition and mine clearing teams.
    3 men from 13 Canadian Field Regiment SP. Forward Observation Officer

    *Serial 1055 was an LCS(M) of 510 Assault Flotilla from LSI J15 Invicta carrying
    4 men from 13 Canadian Field regiment SP. Bombardment Forward Observation Officer No2. To land as required. To observe the effects of the bombardment by field artillery during the run in and to control the fire of Royal Marine Centaurs in support of the infantry companies.


    We do not have details of individual craft loads but from other beaches we can guess that the following will be included. In each company three LCA would each carry a platoon. This would not be complete but would have thirty three men, leaving space for equipment. The platoon officer would be accompanied by his batman carrying a wireless set No48. Two LCA would carry Company Headquarters, attached personnel and equipment. One craft would carry the Company Commander, and batman, while the other carried the Company Serjeant Major. There would also be snipers, stretcher bearers, battalion signallers, intelligence personnel, regimental police and
    runners, plus the engineers, observation teams and pioneers listed on the table.


    The two assault companies of the Regina Rifles came under only desultory fire on the run in but met with heavy machine gun fire as soon as the LCAs ramps were lowered.

    ‘A’ Company on the right touched down at 0809 on Nan Green. One objective was a strongpoint to the east of the mouth of the River Seulles. This was behind a 10 foot thick concrete sea wall and contained six machine guns, a 50 mm gun, a 75 mm gun and an 88mm gun. All of these were intact despite the air and sea bombardment.

    ‘B’ Company landed further to the left against light opposition and cleared portions of Courseulles. No supporting armour had landed at this time.

    ‘C’ Company landed at 0830, ‘D’ Company at 0855 and Battalion Headquarters at 0900. ‘C’ Company joined in the clearance of Courseulles where there were now DD tanks and Centaurs.

    ‘D’ Company suffered heavy losses due to mines and obstacles which sank two LCA. Only 49 men from the company landed. After re organising it advanced towards Reviere at 0930.

    The Regina Rifles were the only unit whose task immediately on landing was to clear a built up area. The town of Courseulles was divided into twelve blocks, each to be cleared by specific companies. The battalion had trained in street fighting and house clearing and had studied photographs and maps of the town. The strongpoint in Block 1 occupied ‘A’ Company for some time while ‘B’ Company cleared Blocks 2, 3 and 4. ‘C’ Company on landing moved to clear Blocks 8, 9, 10 and 11. ‘A’ Company reported that Block 1 was in their hands and they were ordered to Block 5, 6 and 7. ‘B’ company reported Block 4 clear and was ordered to Block 12.

    ‘A’ Company next reported that it was being fired on from Block 1, which it had just cleared. It seems that enemy troops had returned to the strongpoint via tunnels and trenches. ‘A’ Company had not foreseen this and had not left a force behind to prevent it. They returned and cleared it again with the assistance of two troops of tanks before moving to Blocks 5, 6 and 7. The tanks were probably one troop from ‘B’ Squadron, 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment and ‘S’ Troop 2 RMASR.

    Eventually the entire battalion concentrated at Reviers. The remnants of ‘D’ Company had arrived at about 1100 hours. ‘C’ Company followed on completion of their tasks. Battalion Headquarters arrived around 1500 hours. ‘B’ and ‘A’ arrived later.

    Mike.
     
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  12. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan Green
    H+20 minutes.

    Regina Rifles
    *Serials 1068 to 1073 were 6 LCAs of 577 Assault Flotilla from LSI J16 Llangibby Castle carrying
    127 men from ‘C’ Company Regina Rifles
    15 men from Battalion Headquarters Regina Rifles
    8 men from Regina Rifles Pioneer Platoon
    6 men from Regina Rifles Mortar Platoon
    6 men from Regina Rifles AT Platoon
    3 men from Regina Rifles. Unit Landing Officers party.

    3 men from 13 Canadian Field Regiment SP RCA. Forward Observation Officer.
    1 man from Headquarters 7 Canadian Brigade. Padre for Regina Rifles.
    5 men from ‘A’ Company, Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (MG)
    1 man from 7 Canadian Reconnaissance Regiment. Traffic Control Officer.

    2 men from RN Beach Party.
    3 men from RN 13 Beach Signals.
    4 men from 14 Beach Signals.


    *Serials 1074 to 1079 were 6 LCAs of 511 Assault Flotilla from LSI J17 Mecklenburg carrying
    127 men from ‘D’ Company, Regina Rifles.
    15 men from Battalion Headquarters Regina Rifles.
    7 men from Regina Rifles Mortar Platoon.
    6 men from Regina Rifles AT Platoon.
    3 men from 13 Canadian Field Regiment SP RCA. Forward Observation Officer.
    2 men with a handcart from J Section (7 Brigade), 3 Canadian Division Signals.

    19 men from 14 Canadian Field Ambulance. Assault Section.
    1 man from 7 Reconnaissance Regiment. Traffic Control Officer.
    1 man from 6 Canadian Field Company RCE. Platoon Headquarters.


    The following will be ferried ashore from a LCH by LCA as required. This would be when the assault and follow up companies ashore and communications were established. The Commanding Officer Regina Rifles would decide when the time was right to transfer from the headquarters afloat to that ashore.

    *Serial 1081 is LCH 98.
    7 men from Regina Rifles. Command Group.
    3 men from 3 Canadian Division. Contact Detachment.
    1 man from ‘J’ Section (7 Brigade), 3 Canadian Division Signals
    2 men from ‘F’ Section (13 Field Regiment), 3 Canadian Division Signals
    3 men from 13 Canadian Field SP Regiment RCA. Commanding Officer.
    3 men from RN Forward Observation Bombardment Unit F 65
    Forward Observation Bombardment Party 65 was to support Regina Rifles on Nan Green. It was allocated HMS Fury with which it communicated on Forward Observation Bombardment frequency Jig 2. A Jeep with heavier wireless sets lands later, H+60 to H+75.

    The following were aboard LCH 98, Serial 1081, but were to be landed directly on Mike Red by LCA.
    intended for Mike Red.
    15 men from RN Beach Parties. For Mike Red.
    8 men from RN 13 Beach Signals. For Mike Red.
    7 men with 3 handcarts from 14 Beach Signals. For Mike Red.

    LCAs were from the assault wave and were assigned as required by Deputy Senior Officer Assault Group
    The following was the time to be aimed at and at which the craft should be prepared to land. The time could be varied according to the situation ashore by the Brigade Commander in consultation with the Captain commanding Group J1. Presumably varied in this case means delayed since it would be difficult to advance it.

    Mike
     
  13. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan Green.
    H+75 minutes.

    *Serial 1122 is an LCT V carrying vehicles for the Regina Rifles plus engineers of 6 Canadian Field Company.
    Regina Rifles.
    2 Carrier Universal with 4 crew.
    1 Motorcycle. Carried on Carrier above.
    5 Carrier Mortar with 10 crew.
    1 Motorcycle. Carried on Carrier above.
    2 Carrier Universal towing 6pdr AT guns with 4 crew.
    5 men.
    1 Jeep with 2 crew from Forward Observation Bombardment party F65. Attached to Regina Rifles.
    1 M14 Halftrack with 2 crew and a motorcycle from ‘J’ Section (7 Brigade), 3 Canadian Division Signals. Attached to Regina Rifles.

    1 Jeep with 3 crew from 6 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    24 men from 6 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    1 Armoured D7 Angledozer with 2 crew from 3 Canadian Field Park Company. Towing a flat bed trailer loaded with trackway material. D7 to work with 6 Canadian Field Company.

    Mike.
     
  14. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Two air photos.

    Mike and Nan Green (and Courseulles). Taken about midday on D Day.
    juno air1.jpg

    Nan Green. A pre D Day photo. Note the beach obstacles and the groynes which limited lateral movement.
    Juno. Nan Green.jpg

    Mike
     
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  15. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    JUNO BEACH.
    Bombardment Force ‘E’

    Bombardment Force ‘E’ was the force assigned to give support to Juno Beach and was under the command of Force ‘J’. There was a potential problem in that the commanding officer of Bombardment Force ‘E’, and also the Flag Officer 10 Cruiser Squadron, was a Rear Admiral while the commanding officer of force ‘J’ was only a Commodore. Naval etiquette would not normally permit a Rear Admiral to be under the command of, or even in support of, a Commodore. However the Rear Admiral agreed to waive his seniority on this occasion.

    Bombardment Force ‘E’ does not appear as such on the Force ‘J’ orders and tables. The cruisers Belfast and Diadem were to sail as Convoy 12A of Force ‘G’, and to use Channel 6. The destroyers of Bombardment Force ‘E’ crossed as escorts to Force ‘J’ convoys.

    There were few targets requiring bombardment from the cruisers. They would anchor in Fire Support Area ‘E’ off Juno Beach and provide counter battery fire with air spotting as follows:
    - Belfast. 150mm battery at Ver Sur Mer. This was on Gold Beach and until it was destroyed or captured Belfast would be under the command of Force ‘G’. It would then revert to Force ‘J’
    - Diadem. 105mm battery at Beny Sur Mer.

    Spotting aircraft for HMS Diadem were assigned for only 90 minutes. If the Beny Sur Mer battery continued to be active after that time fire was to be without observation using ranging data from unattached spotting aircraft. Any army Forward Observer Bombardment able to observe the battery was to inform the HQ ship immediately so that Diadem could be attached.

    Having escorted convoys across the Channel the destroyers were a met by BYMS and proceeded to the Fire Support Areas ‘X’ and ‘Y’, to the east and west of the DD Launch Position.

    Three destroyers and two Hunt Class were to give fire support to 7 Canadian Brigade from Fire Support Area ‘Y’.
    Fleet destroyers Venus, Faulkner and Fury each had four 4.7” guns. Hunt Class La Combattante and Stevenstone each had four 4” guns. Venus was in reserve. Faulkner and Fury fired at beach defences on Love from H-40minutes until H Hour. La Combattante gave close support fire on Mike and Stevenstone on Nan Green.

    Four destroyers and two Hunt Class were to give fire support to 8 Canadian Brigade from Fire Support Area ‘X’.
    Fleet destroyer Kempenfelt was the flagship of Captain Destroyer Flotilla 26 and was in reserve. Fleet destroyers Vigilant, Alconquin and Sioux, and Kempenfelt, each four 4.7” guns. The Hunt Class Bleasdale and Glaisdale each had four 4” guns. Vigilant, Algonquin and Sioux fired at beach defences on Oboe from H-40 minutes until H Hour. Bleasdale gave close support fire on Nan White and Glaisdale gave it on Nan Red.

    A list of coastal defences was provided but Commanding Officers were to shift to other targets if such fire would assist the assault, not endanger own forces and the target justified the expenditure of ammunition. In order to identify targets Commanding Officers of destroyers were to approach as close to the shore as necessary. Hunt class destroyers could close to 3000 yards.

    The Hunt destroyers were to reach a position just astern of and to the flank of the DD Launching Position. They were then to proceed inshore keeping inline with the LCTs carrying AVRE until 4000 yards from shore. They were to provide covering fire against shore defences.

    Fleet destroyers allocated to pre arranged targets were to keep 1000 yards behind the Hunts. Those that were not allocated were to be available to take over any targets allocated to a ship becoming a casualty. They would also be available to fire on targets allocated to the SP artillery in LCTs if necessary and were permitted to fire on hostile guns which opened fire.

    Destroyers giving close support to the assault would continue firing until the first wave of craft touched down, regardless of time. They then shifted fire to strongpoints on the flanks. They remained in the fire support areas awaiting calls from Forward Observers Bombardment.

    Venus and Vigilante were equipped with sets to enable them to engage targets with air spotting. This might be done if cruisers were casualties or if there were spare aircraft available.


    Support Craft.
    The following would provide close support for 7 Brigade.
    LCG 831, 1007 and 1062. Landing Craft Gun each with two 4.7” guns.
    LCF(2) 1. Landing Craft Flak.

    Close support for 8 Brigade.
    LCG 764, 681, 680 and 939. Landing Craft Gun each with two 4.7” guns.


    All were to cover the launch of DD tanks. If the tanks were fired on by shore batteries then they should return fire, otherwise LCG would engage beach defences from H-30 minutes.
    LCG 831 and LCF 1 were to engage beach defences on Mike.
    LCG 1062 and 1007 were to engage beach defences on Nan Green.
    LCG 939 and 680 were to engage beach defences on Nan White.
    LCG 681 and 764 were to engage beach defences on Nan Red.


    LCT(R). Landing Craft Tank (Rocket).
    LCT(R) operated in pairs. In each pair one would fire a pattern of rockets at H-8 minutes and the second would fire at H-5 minutes. Both would aim at the same area which would extend across the beach to be assaulted and be 300 yards deep. From their assigned position they would need to aim the entire craft.
    LCT(R) 367 and 359 would fire on Mike on bearing 184 degrees.
    LCT(R) 437 and 405 would fire on Nan Green on bearing 180 degrees.
    LCT(R) 378 and 398 would fire on Nan White on bearing 180 degrees.
    LCT(R) 363 and 337 would fire on Nan Red on bearing 175 degrees.

    LCS(L) (Landing Craft Support (Large)) would provide smoke and close support as ordered by SOAGs. Six smoke laying LCP(L) were to meet the cruisers and destroyers.

    The LCG and LCF were to accompany the assault waves, giving close support as necessary. When no longer required for close support the Naval Force Commander was to informed and he would attach them to FOBs for indirect bombardment. They were to concentrate in flotillas on the flanks and keep clear of incoming craft.

    The report of Naval Commander Force 'J' simply says that all these arrangements went according to plan.

    Air Spotting.
    Two sorties of 45 minutes each were allotted to HMS Diadem. They were ready to observe from 40 minutes before sunrise. At the end of the 90 minutes some spotting sorties were available to spot for impromptu targets.

    Mike.
     
  16. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Juno Beach.

    Forward Observers Bombardment.
    Forward Observers Bombardment were assigned on the following basis:
    - One per battalion in the assault brigades.
    - One per brigade headquarters.
    - One at division headquarters.

    Each party consisted of one Forward Observer Bombardment RA, one Observation Post Assistant RA and one Telegraphist RN. A jeep and a Telegraphist RN landed later. In addition the Brigade Headquarters and Division Headquarters had a halftrack with heavier wireless sets landing later.

    The FOBs attached to battalions had a direct link to a Bombardment Liaison Officer RN on the destroyer which was supporting them. There were only six radio frequencies available for FOB so that some had to share a frequency. Brigade and Division shared the Bombardment Calling Wave which linked them to a headquarters ship which assigned a bombardment ship as available.

    7 Canadian Brigade.
    FOB Party 64 worked with HMS Venus using frequency Jig 1. It supported Royal Winnipeg Rifles on Mike Green. It was to Land at the Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.
    FOB Party 65 worked with HMS Fury using frequency Jig 2. It supported Regina Rifles on Nan Green. It was to land at the Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.
    FOB Party 66 worked with HMS Faulkner using frequency Jig 3. It supported Canadian Scottish on Mike Green. It was to land at the Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.

    FOB Party 67 was assigned to Headquarters 7 Canadian Brigade. It was to use Bombardment Calling Wave. It was to land at the Brigade Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75. M14 Halftrack lands H+7hours.


    8 Canadian Brigade.
    FOB Party 68 worked with HMS Kempenfeld using frequency Jig 4. It supported Queens Own Regiment of Canada on Nan White. It was to land at the Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.
    FOB Party 69 worked with HMS Vigilant using frequency Jig 5. It supported North Shore Regiment on Nan Red. It was to land at the Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.
    FOB Party 70 worked with HMCS Algonquin using frequency Jig 6. It supported Regiment de Chaudiere on Nan Red. It was to land at Battalion Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.

    FOB Party 71 was assigned to Headquarters 8 Canadian Brigade. It used Bombardment Calling Wave. It was to land at Brigade Commanders discretion H+30 to H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75. M14 Halftrack lands H+9hours.

    FOB Party 72 was assigned to Headquarters 9 Canadian Brigade. It used Bombardment Calling Wave. It was to land at Brigade Commanders discretion H+180. Jeep lands H+180. M14 Halftrack lands H+7hours.

    FOB Party 73 worked with HMS Sioux using frequency Jig 6. It supported 48 RM Commando on Nan Red. It was to land at H+45. Jeep lands H+60 to H+75.

    FOB Party 84 was to support 41 RM Commando. It used Bombardment Calling Wave. It landed under 3 Canadian Division orders.

    Senior Officer Bombardment was assigned to Headquarters 3 Canadian Division. It used Bombardment Calling Wave. It was to land at Division Commanders discretion. Jeep lands H+180. M14 Halftrack lands H+7hours.

    Mike
     
  17. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    JUNO.
    8 Canadian Brigade.
    Nan White and Nan Red.

    Assault Group J2.
    8 Canadian Brigade was carried across the Channel by Assault Group J2 of Naval Force ‘J’. This embarked personnel and vehicles at the Solent ports and hards and sailed on D-1. It used Channel 8 for Nan White and Nan Red.

    As with Assault Group J1, Assault Group J2 consisted of five groups, listed in orders dated mid May.

    Because of the weather it was not practicable to deploy the dinghy with COPP1 to mark the launching position for the DD tanks of Assault Group J2. This should have been launched from miniature submarine X20 with Assault Group J1.


    Group 321
    Group 321 would be the first group to form up and move inshore from the Lowering Position. The main component was the flotilla of LCT3s carrying DD amphibious tanks and their escorts, navigation craft, support craft etc.

    Landing Craft Headquarters 239, a converted LCI(L), was the headquarters craft for the Deputy Senior Officer Assault Group, Nan White, who was also Senior Officer Group 321. The craft had a comprehensive communications fit consisting of six B28 and one B29 Navy receivers and six army wireless set No22. One set was a transmitter/receiver on the DD net for communication with the DD tanks and their LCTs until they launched. A TCS VHF radio telephone gave access to Senior Officers VHF Wave. The army sets were transmitter/receivers for speech and Morse and were used for communications with the army DD net and SP Field Artillery net and brigade headquarters.

    Eight LCT3 of 11 LCT Flotilla carried the DD tanks of ‘B’ and ‘C’ Squadrons, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment. These travelled in two columns to the Launching Points. The Flotilla Officer, 11 LCT Flotilla was also Deputy Senior Officer Group 321 and was carried on ML 903.

    Three LCP(L) DD Navigation Leaders, 167, 172, and 196, were to lead the DD tanks to shore. These were generally fitted with armour and carried navigation equipment including HS2 navigation equipment. Possibly one at least carried a Combined Operations Pilotage Party Officer.

    LCP(Sy) Survey 290 and LCP(L) 179 were to follow the DD tanks to provide a navigation check if necessary. The LCP(Sy) was then to survey the area off the beaches, partly to find obstacles and partly to identify the best landing places for LCTs.

    Six LCP(L) of 702 Flotilla were available to lay smoke at the Launching Point. Thiswould normally be only if the DD tanks came under fire from shore batteries. They were also available to assist with launching and to act as rescue craft.

    Four LCG(L) of 331 Flotilla were to cover the launch of DD tanks. If the tanks were fired on by shore batteries then they should return fire, otherwise LCG would engage beach defences from H-30 minutes. The LCG were to accompany the assault waves, giving close support as necessary. When no longer required for close support the Naval Force Commander was to informed and he would attach them to Forward Observers Bombardment for indirect bombardment. They were to concentrate in flotillas on the flanks and keep clear of incoming craft.

    A further six LCP(L) of 702 Flotilla were available to lay smoke to cover the bombarding destroyers on the left flank.


    Group 322.
    The main components of Group 322 were the LCT5s from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying AVREs and the LCT(A)s from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying Centaurs of the Royal Marine Armoured Support Regiment.

    Group 322 was commanded by Deputy Senior Officer Assault Group, Nan Red on LCH 167. This was similarly equipped to LCH 239 above but with sets on the AVRE and RMASR nets. ML 123 carried the Flotilla Officer, 103 LCT Flotilla, who was also the Deputy Senior Officer Group 322.

    Ten LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carried the AVREs of the Breaching and Clearance Teams. Nine of the LCT5 each towed a LCA(HR) (Hedgehog). All nine survived the crossing and fired their hedgehogs successfully.

    Four LCT(A) and four LCT(HE) from 103 LCT Flotilla carried Centaur Close Support tanks of the Royal Marine Support Regiment. One LCT(CB) (Concrete Buster) carried two Sherman Firefly 17 pdr tanks to engage concrete bunkers.

    Three LCM carrying RE parties and their equipment for beach clearance.

    Two LCF, 21 and 32, gave anti aircraft support on the approach and then were available for AA defence off the beaches.

    Two LCS(M) towed by LCTs. These would carry Forward Observation Officers Bombardment RA for the Field Regiments of Group 323. They would observe the fall of shot during the run in.


    Group 323.
    ML 198 carries Senior Officer Group 323.

    Sixteen LCT4 from 30 LCT Flotilla carrying SP artillery. ML 147 carries the Flotilla Officer, 30 Flotilla who is also Deputy Senior Officer Assault Group 323.

    Four LCT(R) from 2 Division of 320 LCT Flotilla, 337, 363, 378 and 398. LCT(R) operated in pairs. In each pair one would fire a pattern of rockets at H-8 minutes and the second would fire at H-5 minutes. Both would aim at the same area which would extend across the beach to be assaulted and be 300 yards deep. From their assigned position they would need to aim the entire craft.

    Two LCS(L), 204 and 205, provided smoke and close support as ordered by Senior Officers Assault Groups.

    This group strayed into Channel 7 instead of Channel 8 but does not seem to have been seriously delayed.


    Group 324.
    This was a fast LSI Convoy carrying the assault infantry battalions. Vessels are listed in the order of sailing and therefor order of arrival and mooring at the Lowering Position. One LSI in each division carried an LCA(OC), Obstacle Clearance, in place of an LCA.

    HMS Waveney, a river class frigate, was the headquarters ship of Captain Senior Officer Assault Group J2. She accompanied the LSI Group. She was 1,370 tons, 301 foot long and could manage 20 knots. As built she carried two 3 inch guns and ten 20mm guns. For the headquarters role she had the aft gun removed and the superstructure extended to provide extra space. Two deck houses were added for communications equipment, a mast was added for aerials and four extra radars fitted (Types 242, 253, 271 and 391). The crew was 140 and an extra 240 were carried in the headquarters role.

    3 LSI Division.
    Brigadier. LSI(H) J34
    This was the flagship of the Senior Officer LSI. She was a Southern Railway Cross Channel ferry built in 1928. She was 2,294 tons, 306 foot long and could manage 24 knots. She carried six LCA of 613 Flotilla.
    She had accommodation for 180 troops and was armed with one12pdr and four 20mm.

    Clan Lamont. LSI(L). J31.
    Clan Lamont was one of a class of cargo liners built for the Clan Line in 1939. She was 7,250 tons and 487 foot long. She carried seventeen LCA of 558 Flotilla. She had accommodation for 900 troops and was armed with one 4” gun, one 12pdr, one 40mm and ten 20mm.

    St. Helier. J35
    A Channel Island ferry. She was 1,952 tons, 292 foot long and could manage 18 knots. She carried six LCA from 515 Flotilla. She had accommodation for 180 troops and was armed with six 20mm.

    Lady of Mann. J37.
    An Isle of Man ferriy built in 1930. She was 3,100 tons, 372 foot long and could manage 23 knots. She carried six LCA from 512 Flotilla.

    MGB 330 and 317 accompanied this group.


    4 LSI Division.

    Duke of Wellington, J32
    This was a LMSR ferry built in 1928 and fitted out as LSI in 1942. She was 3,743 tons, 358 foot long and was capable of 21 knots. She carried six LCA from 506 Assault Flotilla and had accommodation for 250 troops.


    Monowai. J30
    Ex Armed Merchant Cruiser Razmak. A large and fast cargo liner built in 1925. She was 10,852 tons, 519 foot long and could make 20 knots. She carried ten LCA from 554 Flotilla, nine LCA from 556 Flotilla and an LCA(OC).

    Isle of Guernsey. J33.
    A Channel Island ferry. She was 2,132 tons, 306 foot long and could manage 19 knots. She carried six LCA from 518 Flotilla.

    Prince David, J36.
    She was one of two fast Canadian ferries converted to Armed Merchant Cruisers. She was extensively modified for the role and had the bridge moved further astern and had one funnel removed. She was 6,890 tons, 385 foot long and was capable of 22 knots. She carried eight LCA from 529 Assault Flotilla and a LCA(OC). She had accommodation for 444 troops. Armament: 2 X 4”, 1 X 40mm, 6 X 20mm.

    MGB 326 accompanied this group.


    Group 325.
    This group consisted of:
    Seven LCT4 from 36 LCT Flotilla carrying ‘C’ Squadron 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment and priority vehicles for 8 Brigade.

    Four LCI(L) carrying mainly Beach Group personnel.

    ML 269 with Senior Officer 36 LCT Flotilla on board.


    The plan was that all the above groups should have arrived in the above order and then form waves for the run in to shore. Delays caused by groups entering the wrong channels and by groups simply not been able to maintain the planned speeds meant that some adjustments to H hour had to be made. At 0630 the Captain, Senior Officer Assault Group J2 reported that H Hour would be postponed by 10 minutes. H Hour would now be 0755.

    As a result of the postponement the first waves of landing craft would not now land in front of the beach obstacles as planned but would have to land among them. It was also not possible to clear the obstacles before the LCTs arrived. The knock on effect was that a great many craft were damaged when either beaching, or more often when retracting. However the obstacles were not as dense as expected and craft did crash through them.

    Mike
     
  18. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    8 CANADIAN BRIGADE.
    Nan White and Nan Red.

    The coastline on which Nan White and Nan Red were situated was low lying. From Courseulles to Bernieres sur Mer there was a sandy beach with short groynes to prevent lateral movement of sand by the current. From Bernieres sur Mer to St Aubin sur Mer the coast continued to be low lying and sandy but here there were many summer houses and villas. From St Aubin sur Mer eastwards there were low cliffs for a mile and a half, with a sea wall along most of it. Offshore all the way along the coast eastwards of Bernieres sur Mer there were rocky outcrops parts of which were exposed at low tide. Inland the country was gently rolling countryside and plains with large fields.


    H – 5 Minutes
    The amphibious DD tanks of ‘B’ and ‘C’ Squadrons of 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment were timed to land at H-5 minutes, having being launched from LCT at 7000 yards from the shore. In the event this plan was altered due to the adverse weather.

    Nan White
    ‘B’ Squadron, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment.
    LCT Mk3 from 11 LCT Flotilla were to launch DD amphibious tanks well out to sea. The tanks were timed to beach at H-5 minutes.

    *Serial 1400 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron,10 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1401 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment
    The Squadron Commander rides in this craft therefor this should be the Flotilla Commanders craft.

    *Serial 1402 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron,10 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1403 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘B’ Squadron,10 Canadian Armoured Regiment


    Nan Red
    ‘C’ Squadron, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment.
    LCT Mk3 from 11 LCT Flotilla were to launch DD amphibious tanks well out to sea. The tanks were timed to beach at H-5 minutes.

    *Serial 1404 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘C’ Squadron,10 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1405 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘C’ Squadron,10 Canadian Armoured Regiment
    The Squadron Commander rides in this craft therefor this should be the Deputy Flotilla Commanders craft.

    *Serial 1406 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘C’ Squadron, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    *Serial 1407 is an LCT3 from 11 LCT Flotilla carrying
    5 Sherman MkV DD Tanks with 25 crew from ‘C’ Squadron, 10 Canadian Armoured Regiment

    Changes to orders and timings caused some confusion. The weather and sea conditions were such that it was decided not to launch at 7000 yards but at 2000 to 3000 yards. Shortly afterwards orders were received to delay H Hour by ten minutes because the craft carrying the AVRE teams were late. Eventually the DD tanks were launched very close to shore. They still used their screws and screen but were in shallow water. As a result no tanks were lost on the swim in. However one LCT was sunk by gunfire and its load lost.

    Because of the delays the tide was much was higher than expected and the beach narrow and congested. ‘B’ Squadron were unable to give much support to Queens Own Rifles of Canada on the beaches and it was almost 9.30 before the exits were open and the tanks could move inland and advance through Bernieres in support of Queens Own Rifles of Canada.

    ‘C’ Squadron landed in support of North Shore Regiment and managed to give supporting fire on the beach. Snipers caused a number of casualties to tank commanders. At H+45 there were no beach exits cleared and the reserve infantry companies were landing. The Squadron Commander decided to advance through the minefield. In doing so three tanks were lost but the remainder were able to move into St. Aubin and support the infantry. The village was cleared except for one strongpoint and one troop was left to support the infantry in its capture while the remainder moved inland.

    ‘A’ Squadron together with two tanks from Regimental Headquarters beached at 0900. The LCT carrying the Regimental Headquarters and Squadron Headquarters hit a mine and damaged its ramp. It put to sea again still carrying its load. It eventually beached at 1000. The remainder of ‘A’ Squadron disembarked and joined ‘B’ Squadron which was still on the beach. When the exits were clear ‘A’ Squadron moved to support La Regiment de la Chaudriere in the advance to Beny sur Mer.

    Mike
     
  19. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan White and Nan Red.
    H Hour.
    Breaching Teams.
    LCT5s from 106 LCT Flotilla will land Breaching Teams at H Hour.

    80 Assault Squadron RE
    Nan White
    Green Gap, 1 Troop.
    *Serial 1408 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Log Carpet and 6 crew from 1 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 1 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 1 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE

    *Serial 1409 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with 6 crew from 1 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 1 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 2 crew from 1 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE

    Yellow Gap, 2 Troop.
    *Serial 1410 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Sherman Crab with 10 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with 6 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE

    *Serial 1411 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with 6 crew from 2 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE

    Half Squadron Reserve.
    *Serial 1409A is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 AVRE with Bullshorn Plough and 6 crew from 2 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 BARV with 12 crew from 23 Beach Recovery Section REME.
    1 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 2 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE

    Both the Nan White gaps were slow to be cleared and when clear were narrow. They remained congested all day.

    1 Troop landed between 0815 and 0820, opposite the planned gap. The Crabs flailed up to the sea wall and were followed by an AVRE with SBG bridge which it laid against the wall. The first AVRE to cross the bridge hit a mine and blocked the exit. At this time the infantry were on the beach and using the sea wall for shelter thus preventing the use of Petards to make a gap.

    The flails cleared a second path to a place where the sea wall was broken down and then managed to climb through the gap. They continued flailing to the lateral road and then flailed along the road towards 2 Troops gap. When an anti tank ditch was reached an AVRE with fascine came up and filled the ditch.

    In the meantime an armoured D7 had cleared the AVRE from the bridge and tanks climbed it until a Porpoise 18 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.
    became jammed. This was also cleared by an armoured D7. A second fascine was placed in the anti tank ditch and the crossing improved by an armoured D7.


    2 Troop landed at 0805 but had been carried 500 yards east of its planned gap by the cross current. The high tide and beach obstacles made it impossible to work along the beach so they had to make a gap where they landed. The Crabs flailed up to the twelve foot high sea wall but the SBG bridge was shot away and could not be positioned. It was decided to try and make a gap in the wall using Petards. Ten dustbins were fired at the lip of the wall but the crater which was formed was too steep and too soft to be climbed. By this time the infantry were ashore and sheltering under the wall so that no more rounds could be fired. The troop then moved along the beach to an existing ramp which had been blocked with Element C obstacles. These were demolished by firing ten dustbins at them. The Crabs then flailed up the ramp. AVREs followed and dropped fascines in a ditch and a lane was eventually opened.
    Nan Red

    Blue Gap, 3 Troop.
    *Serial 1412 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 4 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with 6 crew from 3 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE

    *Serial 1413 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 4 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with 6 crew from 3 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Bobbin and 6 crew from 3 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 2 crew from 3 Troop 26 Assault Squadron RE

    Green Gap, 4 Troop.
    *Serial 1414 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Sherman Crab with 10 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    2 AVRE with 12 crew from 4 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE

    *Serial 1411 is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 4 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 AVRE with Bobbin and 6 crew from 4 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with Fascine and 6 crew from 4 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE
    1 AVRE with SBG Bridge and 6 crew from 4 Troop, 80 Assault Squadron RE

    Half Squadron Reserve.
    *Serial 1413A is an LCT5 from 106 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 BARV with 12 crew from 23 Beach Recovery Section REME.
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from 1 Troop, ‘B’ Squadron, 22 Dragoons.
    1 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 2 crew from 2 Troop 80 Assault Squadron RE
    This craft also carried the Brigadier Commanding 1 Assault Brigade RE and a Headquarters Section.


    3 Troop landed at 0745 some two hundred yards left of the planned gap. A Crab flailed up to the ten foot high sea wall followed by an AVRE with a SBG bridge. The bridge was placed against the wall and the Crab crossed and went on to flail up to the lateral road. The reserve Crab followed to widen the lane. AVREs crossed the bridge but other vehicles crossed the dunes without difficulty. Serial 1413 arrived later having broken down.

    4 Troop also landed at 0745 and one hundred and fifty yards east of the planned gap and suffered a series of mishaps. Serial 1415 grounded in seven foot of water making for a difficult disembarkation. A LCT(A) landing slightly later collided with the AVRE carrying the SBG bridge, disabling it. The crew continued dismounted. The flails turned right and flailed a second path to the same gap as 3 Troop. A bobbin was laid on soft sand in the flailed track but it did not stand up to tracked traffic. The fascine was not used and was jettisoned to be used as trackway. The Lieutenant in command of 4 Troop was crushed between a tank and a D7 dozer while directing traffic and the Lieutenant commanding 4 Troop, B Squadron, 22 Dragoons took command.

    Each of the LCT5 carrying the breaching teams towed a LCA(HR) which fired a salvo of rockets at the exit to clear any mines and wire. It is reported that all nine made the crossing and fired their rockets ‘with considerable success’. It is not clear what this means.

    Mike
     
    Deacs likes this.
  20. Trux

    Trux 21 AG Patron

    Nan White and Nan Red.
    2 Royal Marine Support Regiment.
    No 4 Battery, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ Troops, was to land on Nan White and Nan Red.

    Craft carrying Centaurs were either LCT(A) which were armoured or LCT(HE) which were not. Two of each were to land on each beach. It was planned that the craft should be positioned on the flanks of the line of LCTs carrying the Breaching Teams. Two LCT(A) would be on the exposed flanks of each beach, to the left of Nan Red and the right of Nan White, while the LCT(HE) were in the less exposed positions on the right of Nan Red and the left of Nan White.

    Nan White.
    4 Battery.
    ‘W’ Troop.
    *Serial 1416 is an LCT(A) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Towing Porpoise.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    2 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 4 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Division Special Bulldozer Increment
    13 from men 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    6 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.

    *Serial 1417 is an LCT(A) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises
    1 Sherman Tank with 5 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    12 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.


    ‘X’ Troop.
    *Serial 1418 is an LCT(HE) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises
    1 Sherman Tank with 5 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    2 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 4 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Division Special Bulldozer Increment
    1 Car 5cwt 4 X 4 (Jeep). 3 men vehicle party from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    11 men and a Truck Airborne from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.

    *Serial 1419 is an LCT(HE) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    4 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 4 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Division Special Bulldozer Increment
    1 Car 5cwt 4 X 4 (Jeep). 3 men vehicle party from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    25 men from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.


    *Serial 1420 is an LCT(CB) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Sherman Vc Firefly with 8 crew from 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment
    1 BARV with 6 crew from 23 Beach Recovery Section REME.
    Space for extra ammunition
    Note:
    The BARV may have been replaced by
    1 Sherman Crab with 5 crew from ‘B’ Squadron 22 Dragoons.


    Nan Red.
    4 Battery.
    ‘Y’ Troop.
    *Serial 1421 is an LCT(HE) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    4 D7 Armoured Bulldozer with 8 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Division Special Bulldozer Increment.
    24 men from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.

    *Serial 1422 is an LCT(HE) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises
    1 Sherman Tank with 5 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    2 D7 Bulldozer Armoured with 4 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Infantry Division (Special Bulldozer Increment).
    1 Car 5cwt 4 X 4 (Jeep) with 3 men vehicle party from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    11 men from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.


    ‘Z’ Troop.
    *Serial 1423 is an LCT(A) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow porpoises.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    1 Sherman Tank with 5 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    12 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.

    *Serial 1424 is an LCT(A) from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Centaur Tanks with 10 crew from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Tow Porpoises.
    5 men from 2 Royal Marine Support Regiment. Ammunition handlers.
    Space for extra 50 rounds per gun loose.
    Plus
    2 D7 Bulldozer Armoured with 4 men vehicle party from HQ RCE 3 Canadian Infantry Division (Special Bulldozer Increment).
    13 men from 5 Canadian Field Company RCE.
    6 men from 5 Royal Berkshire Regiment. Beach Group.


    *Serial 1425 is an LCT CB from 103 LCT Flotilla carrying
    2 Sherman Vc Firefly with 8 crew from 6 Canadian Armoured Regiment
    Space for extra ammunition


    ‘W’ Troop Commander landed with one Sherman and two Centaur at 8.20. The other LCT of ‘W’ Troop did not land until D+2. The Troop Commander could not find any other artillery on the beach and could not contact the Forward Observation Officer as he had been killed. As no targets were offered the troop eventually moved off the beach to the gun area about a mile inland. Later the troop was ordered by the commander 8 Brigade to move forward with the infantry.

    ‘X’ Troop landed complete 300 yards east of its intended position and could not find its intended target as groynes and other obstacles prevented movement along the beach. About 0900 contact was made with the Forward Observation Officer but no targets were offered. About midday the troop moved inland to the gun area.

    ‘Y’ Troop landed complete at 0755. It could not contact the Forward Observation Officer and had no targets until around 0900 when it joined 19 Canadian Field Regiment in engaging targets in St Aubin with indirect fire. The troop was later joined by the two Centaurs of ‘Z’ Troop and all six guns fired 15 round each over houses. Later they moved to support 48 RM Commando in street fighting in St Aubin.

    ‘Z’ Troop. One craft landed and its Centaurs joined ‘Y’ Troop. The commander and remaining two Centaurs did not land until D+1

    Mike
     

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