Been reading a few things about Dortmund pre-war. I read that in the 20s it was the home of the 'Red Ruhr Army', it was left leaning city with fewer than one in a hundred voting for the Nazi party in 1928. The Social Democrats & the Communists polled more than half the votes. On left wing paper said this in 1930, ''Death to Fascism , Dortmund will stay Red, rule the streets''. In 1930 the Nazis polled 24,934 votes in Dortmund (still only 8.3% of the electorate) a leap from 1,965 two years before. In 1931 the Nazi Party held 470 meetings there.I can imagine more than a few people were forced to change their minds about who to vote for. March 1933 the Nazi Party had the left wing papers change their views or close down. Politically unacceptable teachers were weeded out, by 1936 97% of them had joined the National Socialist Teacher's League. I wonder how many Dortmunders in their air-raid shelters were cursing Hitler & the Nazis when we were bombing the crap out the place ?