"The French fought like mad all along the line. We had got their psychology all wrong. They may not have been politically very pro-Vichy, but they had orders from their generals to fight." —Lieutenant Commander Hugh Hodgkinson Much has been written and said about England's war against Vichy, but this time I want to address the military aspect of the conflict, specifically the motivations of the French armed forces for fighting against a former ally. Colin Smith in "England's Last War Against France: Fighting Vichy 1940-42" points out as a big reason for those shameful two years, the fact that when politicians took charge of things during the last days of the République, the feud between both sides of the English Channel, which had existed since Roman times, came to a boil once again, fueled by the devious means those lads can display when they feel a threat to their interests, but with the armies standing in the middle as mere pawns, powerless to decide, but bound by the chain of command to react and act. Was it then a matter of honour and pride in themselves which led the French armed forces to fight, sometimes even in fraticide encounters, even though the rank and file and a big proportion of the officer cadres believed in France instead of Vichy?