There is a lot of misunderstanding about the German army and its equipment in WWII. In 1940, the cutting edge of the German army was its six large Panzer divisions, each with two Panzer regiments. The number was increased by introducing light Panzer divisions for the campaign in France, each with one Panzer regiment, Rommel's 7th Panzer being the first of the new type. It is not as tank divisions that we should view the Panzers, but as all arms motorised combat teams, which co-operated closely with the Luftwaffe tactical airforce. The western allies never achieved the same degree of all arms co-operation during the war. Behind the Panzer spearheads came the mass of the German army. Slow, with horse transport and marching infantry. A feature of 1940 and 1941 was the tendency of the spearheads to get ahead of the bulk of the army, which gave a certain stop-start motion to the German attacks, as the mass caught up. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union, they were only able to significantly increase e the number of Panzer divisions by converting them all to the "light Panzer" structure, due to shortage of tanks. As late as 1944/45, the situation had not changed. The bulk of the German army was still tied to the speed of marching infantry and horse transport. One feature of the Falaise pocket was the number of dead and wounded horses. In 1940, the main German tanks were the Panzer III (with a long barrel high velocity gun) and the Panzer IV (with a short barrel low velocity gun). In 1944, although the models had improved greatly, the Panzer IV (now with a long 75mm gun and side skirt armour) was still the mainstay of the German army and at Elst during Market Garden, the XXX Corps spearhead was held up by a small force of Panzer IIIs. The most famous German tanks of WWII, the Panzer V (Panther) and VI (Tiger) were introduced to deal with the situation in the Soviet Union, where tanks like the T34 had been a shock to the Germans. These later model German tanks and the King tiger, in action in the Bulge, were not produced in sufficient quantities to be decisive and were noted for mechanical unreliability. What they did have was thicker armour and better guns. However, they were not superior to the American M26 Pershing which saw limited service in 1945, or the early British Centurion, which came into service just too late to see any action. The Soviet IS3 heavy tank, which also saw no action in Europe (but might have done in Manchuria against the Japanese) was also superior to the best of the Germans. Some German infantry weapons, like the MG34 and MG42, were excellent, but their standard rifle, the KAR98k, was in no way superior to the British, American or Soviet equivalent. The British and American artillery was superior in quality and quantity to the Germans.