Awarded Mentioned in Despatches Lt. Albert Graham 4 Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (132092) WO 373/63/159 ESCAPES FROM CAMP 19 (BOLONGA) ITALY RECOMMENDATIONS When the Italian Armistice was signed, the Senior British Officer of the camp saw the Italian Commandant and asked for arms so that P/W could defend themselves against the Germans. The Commandant promised to deliver them the following day. In the meantime the Senior British Officer issued Red Cross parcels to P/W and ordered them to sleep in their clothes. During the night of 8/9th September 1943, the Germans arrived and threw a cordon round the camp, with the result that, when the P/W started to leave the camp on the orders of the Senior British Officer, the Germans opened fire and drove them back. Ultimately, when the Germans began removing the P/W, a number of them hid in tunnels or roofs and eventually made good their escape. Others from trains en route northwards.