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The People's Feat: Monuments of the Great Patriotic War


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#1 Zoya

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:02 PM

From the exhibition: THE ANNALS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR REFLECTED IN WAR MEMORIALS

"YOUR NAME IS UNKNOWN, BUT YOUR FEAT IS IMMORTAL"
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The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier near the Kremlin wall. Here the remains of an Unknown Soldier, transferred from a common grave 41 km down the Moscow-Leningrad highway, were put to rest. A dozen of marble urns contain sacred earth from the hero-cities and from the fortress of Brest. The memorial was unveiled on May 8, 1967. The authors are sculptor N. Tomsky and architects D. Burdin, V. Klimov, Y. Rabayev and M. Shvekhman.

"THIRST"
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The Great Patriotic War broke out on June 22, 1941 at the ancient fortress of Brest. Here fierce battles flared on for about a month before the fortress fell to the superior enemy. Within hours after Nazi troops crossed the Soviet border, the fortress's 3.5-thousand-strong defenders were surrounded by Germans. Despite lack of food, water, medicines and ammunition, they managed to hold back a whole division supported by artillery, tanks and combat aviation. They rebuffed the enemy attacks and launched successful counterattacks. In 1970 the fortress was transformed into a war magnificent memorial. Avove is Thirst - a sculptural composition depicting one of the episodes of the fortress's defense. The sculptors are A. Kibalnikov, A. Bembel.

"MOTHERLAND WILL NEVER FORGET HER SONS"
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Dominating the entry to Zelenograd 41 km away from Moscow is a war memorial to Moscow defenders. The monumental bronze wreath bears an inscription: "Motherland will never forget her sons". Architects are I. Pokrovsky and Y. Sverdlovsky, and sculptors A. Shteiman and E. Shteiman-Derevyanko.

More to come...
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#2 Zoya

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:09 PM

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During the battle for Moscow, Political instructor Vasily Klochkov-Diev tied a rope of grenades round his waist and saying "Russia is large, but there is no place to retreat. Moscow is behind us." threw himself under one of the tanks. Other soldiers followed suit. When the battle was over, there were only 5 survivors.
30 years later their feat was immortalized in war a memorial: 6 soldiers of different nationalities stand amid a vast field. In front of them is a band of concrete slabs symbolizing a cordon the enemy was unable to cross. Sculptors: N. Lyubimov, A. Postol, and V. Fedorov, architects: V. Datyuk, Y. Krivuschenko and I. Stepanov, and engineer: S. Khajibaronov.

ANTI-TANK HEDGEHOGS
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a memorial to Moscow defenders. Erected in 1966 on the 23-d km down the Leningrad highway. Architects A. Mikhe, A. Agafonov, I. Yermishin, and engineer K. Mikhailov.

A TRIBUTE TO LENINGRAD'S DEFENDERS
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A memorial to Leningrad's defenders on Victory Square. Erected on May 9, 1975. Sculptor: M. Anikushin, and architects: S. Speransky and V. Kamensky.
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#3 Korps Steiner

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:41 PM

The biggest and most impressive statue / monument i've ever seen " The Motherland " on the Mamayev Kurgan , Stalingrad.

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Nikto ne Zabyt . Nichto ne Zabyto.

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#4 Korps Steiner

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:48 PM

Another one of Motherland and yes those ants at her feet are people !!! :)

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Nikto ne Zabyt . Nichto ne Zabyto.

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#5 Zoya

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:49 PM

How did they make something so big???
Magnificent!
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#6 Zoya

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Posted 04 April 2008 - 07:55 PM

"THE SOLDIERS' FIELD"
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A memorial complex was erected near the Volgograd-Moscow highway. The remains of the soldiers killed in the fighting, which were found during the clearing operations, were buried in a communal grace. The shell hole next to the grave was filled with fragments of mines, shells, and grenades picked on the field. sculptors: L. Levin and A. Krivolapov.

THE HEROIC DEFENDERS OF THE CAUCASUS
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The battle for the Caucasus (July 25, 1942 - October 9, 1943) ended in the crushing defeat of a major enemy grouping and disrupted the enemy's plans to wipe out Soviet troops in the Caucasus, capture the rich grain regions and oil deposits and penetrate the Middle East. In 1975 a monument was unveiled at the Elkhotovo Gates in honor of their defenders. Architect: Z. Kazbekov and sculptor: V. Totiev.

TO THE HEROES OF THE BATTLE OF KURSK
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All along the line of fighting in 1943, between Oryol and Belgorod, stand monuments and obelisks to military glory. In 1954, on the 624th kilometer of the Moscow-Simferopol highway, not far from the settlement of Prokhorovka in Belgorod Region, the famed Soviet T-34 tank was established on a postament to commemorate the heroic tankers who had participated in the Battle of Kursk. 1973 saw the opening of a memorial complex. Architect: A. Bozhko, artists: V. Kozak, V. Leous and A. Grebenyuk.
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#7 Korps Steiner

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Posted 05 April 2008 - 09:20 AM

A few facts and figures " Motherland " is 52 metres high and 5,500 tons of concrete and 2,400 tons of metal were used to build it, it was designed by scultor Yevgeni Vuchetich and took 8 years to build 1959 -1967.

It is the high point " literally " of the memorial complex on the Mamayev Kurgan.

Other monuments are

Fight to the death and Generations will remember

Paul

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Nikto ne Zabyt . Nichto ne Zabyto.

Let no one forget . Let nothing be forgotten.

 


#8 Zoya

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Posted 05 April 2008 - 09:42 AM

They're great Paul!
You've got to admit, the Soviets do these memorials so magnificently!
Sometimes it seems we (as in the UK) are ashamed as a nation to be so patriotic in honouring our war dead :(
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#9 Zoya

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Posted 05 April 2008 - 09:49 AM

TO THE HEROIC SOLDIERS WHO CRUSHED THE ENEMY ON THE DNIEPER RIVER
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During the battle for the Dnieper, in August-December 1943, the main units of the Nazi South army groups and part of the Center army groups suffered a crushing defeat. On November 26-29, 1943, Soviet troops forced a crossing over the Dnieper . On October 14, 1968, a monument - an eight-meter figure of a warrior on a pedestal imitating a log raft - was erected on the site where the crossing began. Sculptor: B. Rappoport and architect: Yu. Yegorov.

LENINGRAD VICTIMS OF FAMINE
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The Piskaryovo memorial cemetery of St Petersburg, formerly known as Leningrad, is where more than 470,000 civilian victims of frost and famine, as well as Soviet troops, were buried in common graves in 1942 and 1943.

ZHODINO MONUMENT
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I find this one really sad. A monument in the village of Zhodino which lies by the Moscow-Minsk highway honors Anastasiya Fominichna Kupriyanova who went down this highway to see five sons off to the front and waited there in vain to welcome them back home. The youngest of her sons - Pyotr - covered with his body the embrasure of an enemy fire emplacement. It is the youngest son who is looking back at his mother. Soviet troops who went to free Europe from the Nazi invasion took that same highway in 1944.
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The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song
About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend,
Who died and was born for eternal life.
Dimitri Shostakovich
Song for Zoya (1944)

The War in the East

#10 Korps Steiner

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Posted 05 April 2008 - 11:23 AM

Yes the Russians do know how to do a monument and aren't afraid to make them as big as possible to remember the GPW.

Over here in modern Britain we are to pc and frightened if we remember our dead we might offend somebody !!! The Russians clearly don't and have never given a fig for that sort of nonsense !!
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Nikto ne Zabyt . Nichto ne Zabyto.

Let no one forget . Let nothing be forgotten.

 


#11 Za Rodinu

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Posted 24 April 2008 - 10:18 PM

A few facts and figures " Motherland " is 52 metres high and 5,500 tons of concrete and 2,400 tons of metal were used to build it, it was designed by scultor Yevgeni Vuchetich and took 8 years to build 1959 -1967.


Steiner, that first photo you show is actually Marshal V.I.Chuikov's tomb, the only MSU awarded the honour to be buried elsewhere than the Kremlin's Wall, at the place of his victory.
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#12 tovarisch

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Posted 07 February 2010 - 05:37 PM

Zoya, my hat goes off to you. You've created a wonderful thread, I was starting to think nobody would take on the task of listing the memorials of the Great Patriotic War. Each and every one of them is a work of art, and a irremovable part of my country's national heritage.

I've seen many of them, 'Rodina-Mat' on Mamayev Kurgan literally changed my life. As soon as I walked into the whole memorial complex I was in some sort of trance, in awe of not only the architectural feat, but the history and memory that the memorial was dedicated to. It was then and there that my interest for the Great Patriotic War really kicked off. Not many people in my country tend to take an interest in the war, the youth in particular, which I'm part of. Nobody wants to discuss it even briefly. They just want to forget... But by forgetting they'll dishonour the deeds of their grandfathers.

"For our tomorrow they gave their today" probably sums it all up. By forgetting they forget 27 million Soviet lives that are now lying at peace in the fields of Europe and Russia. By forgetting they'll forget the sacrifice committed by the 'greatest generation'. The list just goes on..

It's due to those memorials that the nation remembers and honours the GPW, the deeds and memory of the servicemen and civilians which fell victim to one man's insane theories and ambitions.

Thank you so very, very much.
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#13 James Daly

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Posted 07 February 2010 - 08:13 PM

Great thread. I'll never forget visiting the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park in Berlin. It really impressed on me how secular monuments can be incredibly moving - I think there is something about Communist art, sculpture, architecture etc that really puts across the scale of things. The Soviets sure knew how to build monuments and memorials.
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#14 Owen

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Posted 07 February 2010 - 08:21 PM

Seems a good place to re-post my photos of the Soviet Memorial in Budapest.

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#15 tovarisch

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Posted 07 February 2010 - 08:22 PM

Did you take the pics yourself? They're really good quality photos, so I was just wondering.

Edited by tovarisch, 07 February 2010 - 08:24 PM.
Wrong message :)

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#16 Owen

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Posted 11 February 2010 - 10:55 PM

Grutas Patk, Lithuania.

» Rytų frontas » 1941 - 1945 »: Turinys / Straipsniai / Rytų fronto tematika Grūto parke
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#17 tovarisch

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Posted 12 February 2010 - 06:52 PM

That's a really good park, that. I love the way they integrated the hammer and sickle into the logo, and they made a playground around the artillery guns :) I'd love to go there, but it's in Lithuania :) Highly unlikely :)
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#18 civvie

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Posted 13 February 2010 - 08:18 PM

It's very pleasing to see these photos and, to my eye, great to see artists and architects producing genuinely heroic works in the service of their society.

But I understand from the UK's BBC and The Guardian newspaper that 'Motherland' - the world's biggest statue of a person - is starting to lean and may be in danger of collapse. The problem was said to arise from changing groundwater conditions beneath the statue which simply rests on its plinth. Are these reports correct and, if so, are engineers trying to find a solution?
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#19 tovarisch

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Posted 16 February 2010 - 09:47 AM

The Guardian was, obviously, correct. The statue has started inclining since 1966, and the total lean now is about 21 cm. The original architect said that the maximum incline cannot go past 27 cm. There's still a while to go before it reaches that kind of tilt, but geodesic experts are already cracking away at the problem. They've got plenty of time before it reaches a critical stage.

They say they've already found 2 or 3 possible solutions, however, there will be a problem in financing the repairs. The government shelled out 162 million roubles for the renewal of the whole memorial complex back in 2008, and a contractor was already hired for the execution of various repairs.

Everything was going well, until the director of the contracting firm overpriced the granite needed for rebuilding the base of the statue, and made a tidy profit of 3 900 000 roubles.

The actual fundament restructuring will start in 2012. Approximately 220 million roubles will be needed for the whole job to be done, and a year before work on the project starts a complex geodesic, hydrogeologic and engineering analysis has to be carried out. It is still in progress, it started in the summer of 2009.

Does that answer your question :D
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#20 civvie

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Posted 16 February 2010 - 11:09 PM

Yes, almost to the last shovel of concrete - thank you:)

Here in the UK our war memorials are generally small-scale, conservative in style and carefully integrated into their environment. The British memorials I know of have a kind of quietness and none of the epic drama of 'Motherland'. The only UK statue I know of with a faintly comparable impact is Antony Gormley's 20-metre 'Angel of The North' on a Tyneside hill-top, but it's a memorial to our former industrial north-east and not a war memorial.

I would have thought that, if money is a problem, 'Motherland's restoration would be a suitable cause for an international appeal fund.
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#21 tovarisch

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Posted 18 February 2010 - 11:40 AM

'Motherland's restoration would be a suitable cause for an international appeal fund.


Definitely. Financial and bureaucratic issues in Russia will be a huge pain when tackling the problem of "Rodina-Mat"s restoration. An international appeal will work much better and will gather more money in less time.

Is the sculpture in the UNESCO heritage list thingy? I mean, if tequila fields in Mexico (where they grow the agava or whatsitcalled to make the drink) are guarded by international law (the UNESCO organisation), then 'the Motherland' should surely qualify for the UNESCO list.

They're taking St. Petersburg off the list, by the way :)
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#22 Capt.Sensible

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Posted 18 February 2010 - 01:43 PM

As far as I can see 'Rodina-Mat' is not within a World Heritage Site as designated by UNESCO:World Heritage Centre - World Heritage List

The Tequila WHS appears to have a very significant archaeological component, although personally I find the stuff disgusting :D
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

Why do you believe that St Petersburg is about to be removed from the list?

CS
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#23 tovarisch

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 11:09 AM

Gazprom is about to build a huge futuristic business centre right in the middle of the city. It's apparently going to change the whole skyline and it won't fit in with the historical background, like the Hermitage, Peterhof, St. Isaac's Cathedral etc. I see the logic with them taking it off the list, I mean, the reason for it, but I don't reckon it's worth it. The city won't be pulling down any of the famous architectural buildings, and the project might not even be confirmed by the government, as nearly the whole population of St. Petersburg is against Gazprom's plan.

But Gazprom have got money and various political levers, and that weighs more than the desires of the people, and their rights. That's how capitalism works in Russia, anyhow. The whole spiel has stagnated recently, nobody knows how it's working out right now, nothing's for certain. All I can do is sit back and watch it unfold, really.
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#24 tovarisch

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 11:10 AM

Here's a little overview of the 'Ohta' business centre, as it will be called.

http://www.gazprom-neft.ru/img/?24_1

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#25 tovarisch

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 11:12 AM

The second picture was made by Photoshop by some blokes, just to see how the skyline would change with the construction of that skyscraper.
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#26 Gerard

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 11:42 AM

Talk about being somewhat out of character with the skyline!! Dont like it.
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#27 Capt.Sensible

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 01:37 PM

The second picture was made by Photoshop by some blokes, just to see how the skyline would change with the construction of that skyscraper.

Yes, there are clearly some settings 'issues'......:rolleyes:
It is only a set of proposals at the moment and there is no guarantee it will be built...I hope.....
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#28 tovarisch

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 01:49 PM

Talk about being somewhat out of character with the skyline!! Dont like it.


Neither do the people of St. Petersburg. :) I've heard that they (the government) already gave the go-ahead for the project, and that buildings are already being demolished to make way for that ugly spire to be put up. :( Oh well, it's Gazprom, what can we do. :( Then again, those all could have been rumours. I googled it, and 4 or 5 pics of buildings being demolished came up. So I have no idea.
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#29 Capt.Sensible

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 02:05 PM

Neither do the people of St. Petersburg. :) I've heard that they (the government) already gave the go-ahead for the project, and that buildings are already being demolished to make way for that ugly spire to be put up. :( Oh well, it's Gazprom, what can we do. :( Then again, those all could have been rumours. I googled it, and 4 or 5 pics of buildings being demolished came up. So I have no idea.


This report is most recent and apparently reasonably reliable that I could find:
Gazprom Skyscraper Debate Sees Rare Rift In Russian Elite - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2010

All very murky and political......
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#30 tovarisch

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Posted 19 February 2010 - 07:10 PM

would destroy the integrity of the city's famed neoclassical architecture.


That's what I was talking about. It perverts the whole architectural composition.

Dmitry Medvedev served as Gazprom chairman before becoming Russian president; he has since been replaced by First Deputy Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov.


Gazprom's like a political officials factory or something... It's pretty freaky, all the power in Russia is in the hands of one (or maybe even two *shock-horror*) corporations or parties or whatnot.

I think it won't cost them anything to build that skyscraper, independent of the people's will, just like it's been done for centuries. Stuff isn't discussed here, it's just done, and that's all there is to it. No questions asked, none answered. Maybe that's a good thing, maybe that's a bad thing, I don't know. It's just a national oddity that we have. :) And if there's money and power involved in the situation, stuff gets really murky, like you mentioned.
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