I know some may guffaw at the title of this post, but take a moment to consider the Japanese army. Many would say that Japan was primarily a sea power, but its army was formidible as well. They defeated many European powers, notably in the Philippines, HK, Malay and Singapore, despite being what some have termed as a "world war one army".
Despite having virtually no armor or heavy weapons, the Japanese managed to come up with a winning model. They had no logisitics, depended on foraging and looting instead, they made many of their kills by sword or bayonet instead of bullets, and managed to route Western armies.
Could the Italians then have come up with a military model and doctrine that would make them an effective fighting force?
The main element they lacked was not arms or numbers but leadership and a strong underlying vision.
I thought it may be an interesting thought-experiment to try and come up with one. Let's deal strictly with the resources they had or could produce since it was beyond their means to mass produce tanks or APCs.
When one considers the environment though, it is no easy task; as Lawrence of Arabia noted, the desert is an ocean in whcih one dips no oar; with its vast expanses, foot soldiers were useless. Mobility was key. How then could the Italian army be effective in these conditions? Perhaps if they fielded an army of motorcycle riding infantry? (Yamashita used bicycles in Malaya, but i don't think a bicycle would work in the desert!).
You can fire from a motorcycle, so the spectre of 5,000 Italians riding toward you firing machine guns is a daunting image!
Or.... how about a different concept. Convince Il Duce to give up on holding far-flung desert territory. The new Roman empire could be symbolic. Italy could play to its strengths by making a Mediterrannean empire centered on islands of the Med and a few port cities in Libya. These could be held by an expeditionary force specialized in urban warfare and supplied/reinforced by the Italian navy.
These are just two thoughts.... any others?
Or are the two models i proposed highly unfeasible?
thx and the very best