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#1 Trux

Trux

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Posted 29 August 2010 - 07:40 PM

RAILWAY UNITS, ROYAL ENGINEERS

Royal Engineers were responsible for the construction, maintenance and operation of
railways required for the maintenance of the army.

Royal Engineers also played a major role in Movement Control.


RAILWAY UNITS

Headquarters Railway Operating Group. War Establishment IV/17/3. December 1943.
Railway Operating Company. War Establishment IV/18/3. December1943
Railway Company. War Establishment IV/14/2. June 1943.
Headquarters Railway Workshop Group. War Establishment IV/20B/3. December 1943.
Railway Workshop Company. War Establishment IV/21/5. December1943
Railway Mobile Workshop. War Establishment IV/18A/3. December1943
Transportation Stores Company. War Establishment IV/20/3. December 1943.
Transportation Stores Company Type A. War Establishment IV/20A/2. November 1944
Railway Construction Company. War Establishment IV/16/4. December 1943.
Railway Survey Company. War Establishment IV/13/3. December 1943.
Headquarters Railway Bridging Company. War Establishment IV/167/1. July 1943
Railway Bridging Section. War Establishment IV/112/2. July 1943.
Railway Bridging Company. War Establishment IV/221/1. December 1943.

Movement Control Group. War Establishment IV/4/4. December 1944.
Movement Control Pool. War Establishment XIV/105/1. May 1944.
Movement Control Pool. War Establishment XIV/105/2. November 1944.
Movement Control Pool. War Establishment XIV/105/3. March 1945.
Build Up Control Organisation. War Establishment XIV/57/1. December 1944.



HEADQUARTERS OF A RAILWAY OPERATING GROUP RE
War Establishment IV/17/3 with an effective date of December 1943.

Lieutenant Colonel, Officer Commanding
Major, Second in Command (to be trained in Passive Air Defence and Anti Gas Duties)
Captain, Adjutant
Note: of the Major and the Captain one will be responsible for traffic operating duties and one for locomotive duties.

Warrant Officer Class I (Chief Inspector)
company quartermaster serjeant
staff serjeant (inspector) for mechanical
staff serjeant (inspector) for locomotives
staff serjeant (inspector) for traffic
serjeant boiler inspector
serjeant clerk
3 X serjeant traffic controller
driver mechanic
corporal clerk (railway)
2 X clerk
2 X motor cyclist
3 X corporal traffic operator

batman
batman driver
driver of vehicle
4 X orderly and general duty man (two to be trained in sanitary duties and two in water duties)
2 X cook ACC

Transport
2 X motorcycle
1 X car 4 seater 4 X 2
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
1 X water trailer

1 X Bren lmg
1 X PIAT



A RAILWAY OPERATING COMPANY RE
War Establishment IV/18/3 with an effective date of December1943

This was a large company of 372 all ranks including attached cooks.

Major, Officer Commanding
Captain for administration
Captain for traffic operating
Captain for locomotive operating, maintenance and repair
4 X Subaltern

Regimental Serjeant Major
company quartermaster serjeant
4 X staff serjeant traffic operators
staff serjeant locomotive shed foreman
15 X serjeant


blacksmith
blacksmiths striker or hammerman
32 X blockman
3 X boilermaker
82 X brakesman and shunter
carpenter and joiner
8 X clerk (railway)
4 X clerk (general duties
coppersmith
2 X driver (transportation plant
driver mechanic
electrician (diesel electric locomotive)
engine fitter (internal combustion and pumps)
50 X fireman (locomotive)
50 X railway engine drivers
sheet metal worker
4 X stoker (stationary engine)
3 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
14 X traffic operators
6 X wagon erectors
2 X welder (acetylene and electric)

Pioneers required for unloading of locomotive coal, coaling and cleaning of locomotives, calling up and sand drying.
5 X boilermakers mates and washout men
brickarchman and tuber
9 X fitters mates
15 X general dutyman
6 X motorcyclist
2 X steam raiser

3 X batman
3 X driver of vehicle
medical officers orderly
11 X orderly and general dutyman

officers mess cook ACC
serjeant cook ACC
corporal cook ACC
6 X cook ACC

Transport
6 X motorcycle
3 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
1 X 10ton 6 X 4 GS
1 X water trailer

Note the 10 ton 6 X 4 GS may be fitted with breakdown equipment in which case an extra driver mechanic may be added.

3 X Bren lmg
4 X PIAT
Note: All engine drivers and firemen will be armed with machine carbines.


HEADQUARTERS, RAILWAY WORKSHOP GROUP, RE
War Establishment IV/20B/3 with an effective date of December 1943.

Lieutenant Colonel, Officer Commanding
Major Second in Command
Captain, Adjutant
Captain in charge of drawing office
Captain in charge of outdoor machinery

Warrant Officer Class I
2 X Quarter Master Serjeant (technical) (technical inspectors)
2 X staff serjeant fitter (locomotive) (technical inspector)
serjeant clerk for orderly room
serjeant in charge of drawing office

2 X clerk, general duties
8 X clerk, railway
8 X draughtsman, technical

batman
2 X batman driver
3 X orderly and general dutyman

2 X cook ACC

Transport
2 X bicycle
2 X motorcycle
2 X car 2 seater 4 x 2

1 X Bren lmg



A RAILWAY WORKSHOP COMPANY RE
War Establishment IV/21/5 with an effective date of December1943

Major, Officer Commanding
2 X Captain
3 X Subaltern

Warrant Officer Class I, technical
2 X quartermaster serjeant (technical) (locomotive engineers)
company quartermaster serjeant
3 X staff serjeant
7 X serjeant


10 X blacksmith
10 X blacksmiths striker or hammerman
16 X boilermaker
bricklayer
12 X carpenter and joiner
10 X carriage and wagon repairers
4 X clerk (railway)
4 X clerk (general duties
6 X coppersmith
4 X draughtsman, mechanical
4 X driver (crane)
driver mechanic
3 X electrician (diesel electric locomotive)
6 X electrician (maintenance)
4 X engine hands (internal combustion)
2 X fitter
70 X fitter (locomotive) (steam or diesel)
5 X holder up or riveters helpers)
10 X machinist (metal)
18 X millwright
10 X moulder
painter and decorator
3 X pattern maker
2 X plumber and pipe fitter
pioneers for duty as
bricklayers labourer
6 X boiler shop labourers
3 X joiners and carpenters mates
2 X coppersmiths labourers
4 X electricians mates
40 X fitters mates
5 X millwrights labourers
2 X machine shop labourers
motorcyclist
plumbers mate
railway engine driver
railway engine driver (diesel)
2 X rigger
10 X riveter
4 X sawyer
5 X storeman (technical and departmental (railway))
6 X sheet metal worker
4 X stoker (stationary engine)
3 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
3 X toolmaker
16 X turner
8 X welder (acetylene and electric)

3 X batman
2 X driver of vehicle
5 X orderly and general dutyman

officers mess cook ACC
serjeant cook ACC
corporal cook ACC
6 X cook ACC

Transport
4 X bicycle
2 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt air compressor
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
1 X water trailer

3 X Bren lmg
1 X PIAT
Note: All engine drivers and firemen will be armed with machine carbines.

When the company is required to undertake wagon erection the following increments will be made
serjeant carriage and wagon repairer
lance serjeant carriage and wagon repairer
corporal carriage and wagon repairer
2 X carriage and wagon repairer
6 X driver (crane)
corporal engine fitter (IC and pumps)
3 X engine fitter ( IC and pumps)
2 X engine hands (IC)
4 X general dutyman
5 X riveters mate
6 X rigger
2 X corporal riveter
8 X riveter.



A RAILWAY MOBILE WORKSHOP RE
War Establishment IV/18A/3 with an effective date of December1943
Presumably the workshop is rail mobile since it has very little transport listed.

Captain, Officer Commanding

quartermaster serjeant (technical)
serjeant for administrative duties


2 X blacksmith
2 X blacksmiths striker or hammerman
2 X boilermaker
2 X boilermakers mate
carpenter and joiner
8 X clerk (railway)
clerk
draughtsman (mechanical)
driver mechanic
electrician
electrician (diesel electric locomotive)
4 X fitter
3 X fitter, locomotive
2 X fitters mate
sheet metal worker
2 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
2 X turner
corporal welder (acetylene and electric
3 X welder (acetylene and electric)

batman driver
general dutyman
2 X cook ACC

Transport
1 X bicycle
1 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
1 X water trailer

1 X Bren lmg
1 X PIAT

When the workshop is required to work two shifts the following will be added.
lance serjeant fitter to be in charge of the second shift.
2 X blacksmith
2 X blacksmiths striker or hammerman
electrician (maintenance)
fitter
fitters mate
sheet metal worker
turner
welder (acetylene and electric)



A TRANSPORTATION STORES COMPANY RE
War Establishment IV/20/3 with an effective date of December 1943.

Major, Officer Commanding
Captain
4 X Subaltern (section officers)

quartermaster serjeant RE (in charge of stores sections)
company serjeant major
2 X company quartermaster serjeant
8 X serjeant

blacksmith
blacksmiths striker or hammerman
3 X boilermaker
6 X brakesman and shunter
bricklayer
12 X carpenter and joiner
4 X checker (railway)
4 X clerk
draughtsman, mechanical
draughtsman, railway or port construction
6 X driver, crane
drive, transportation plant
driver mechanic
electrician (maintenance)
engine fitter (internal combustion and pumps)
engine fitter, steam, reciprocating
holder up or riveters helper
instrument mechanic
4 X painter and decorator
6 X platelayer
2 X plumber and pipefitter
12 X rigger
riveter
sawyer
sheet metal worker
2 X steelwork erector
60 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
2 X welder (acetylene and electric)

Pioneers for duty as
boilermakers mate
bricklayers labourer
6 X carpenters mates
electricians mate
2 X fitters mates
3 X motorcyclist
office orderly
plumbers mate
8 X regimental police and guards
2 X switchboard orderly
2 X welders mate

2 X batman
5 X driver of vehicle
4 X orderly and general dutyman
sanitary dutyman

corporal linesman RS
linesman RS
officers mess cook ACC
serjeant mess cook ACC
corporal cook ACC
4 X cook ACC

Transport
4 X bicycle
4 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS

3 X Bren lmg
1 X PIAT

One fire fighting sub section type B is attached.



A TRANSPORTATION STORES COMPANY (Type A) RE
War Establishment IV/20A/2 with an effective date of November 1944.
Supersedes WE IV/20A/1 with six amendments.

Captain
Subaltern
company quartermaster serjeant
3 X serjeant
2 X lance serjeant
5 X corporal
3 X lance corporal
50 X sapper
5 X driver
2 X cook ACC

blacksmith
2 X brakesman and shunter
bricklayer
2 X carpenter and joiner
2 X clerk
driver, crane
2 X driver, transportation plant
fitter RE
painter and decorator
3 X platelayer
plumber and pipefitter
rigger
sheet metal worker
10 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
29 X pioneer for duty as tradesmans mates, labourers, orderlies and police.

batman
2 X driver of vehicle
sanitary dutyman
water dutyman

Transport
2 X bicycle
1 X car light utility
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 or 6 X 4 GS

One fire fighting sub section type A is attached. (WE IV/91/2



A RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION COMPANY RE
War Establishment IV/16/4 with an effective date of December 1943.

Major, Officer Commanding
2 X Captain
4 X Subaltern

Company Serjeant Major
company quartermaster serjeant
8 X serjeant


6 X blacksmith
6 x blacksmiths striker or hammerman
4 X bricklayer
16 X carpenter and joiner
6 X clerk
4 X draughtsman, railway or port construction
4 X driver, transportation plant
4 X driver mechanic
electrician (maintenance)
4 X engine fitter (internal combustion and pumps)
engine fitter, steam, reciprocating
2 X engine hand
2 X fitter (railway signals)
mason
painter and decorator
100 X platelayer
2 X plumber and pipefitter
20 X rigger
4 X riveter
12 X steelwork erector
3 X stoker (stationary engine)
5 X storeman (technical and departmental, railway)
5 X surveyor (engineering)
turner
8 X welder (acetylene and electric)

Pioneers for duty as
4 X fitters mates
4 X motorcyclist

2 X batman
batman driver
18 X driver of vehicle
general dutyman

officers mess cook ACC
corporal cook ACC
5 X cook ACC

Transport
2 X bicycle
4 X motorcycle
4 X car 5cwt 4 X 4
1 X car 4 seater 4 X 2
15cwt air compressor
6 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
8 X 3ton 6 X 4 GS
1 X 6 X 4 machinery RE 24 KW
2 X 10 ton 6 X 4 GS fitted to carry loads uo to 40 feet in length.

5 X Bren lmg
4 X PIAT



A RAILWAY SURVEY COMPANY RE
War Establishment IV/13/3 with an effective date of December 1943.

Major, Officer Commanding
3 X Captain
3 X Subaltern

company quartermaster serjeant
serjeant draughtsman (railway or port construction)
3 X serjeant surveyor (engineering)

clerk
8 X draughtsman (railway or port construction)
3 X driver mechanic
engine fitter (internal combustion and pumps)
storeman
12 X survey dutyman
18 X surveyor (engineering)

batman
3 X batman driver
5 X driver of vehicle

Transport
1 X motorcycle
3 X car 2 seater 4 x 2
1 X car 4 seater 4 X 2
6 X 15cwt 4 X 4 GS
1 X 3ton 4 X 4 GS
4 X water trailer




A RAILWAY COMPANY.
War Establishment IV/14/2. June 1943.
Major
2 X Captain
4 X Subaltern

Company Serjeant Major
company quartermaster serjeant
8 X serjeant
8 X blacksmith
8 X blacksmiths striker or hammerman
10 X blockman
2 X boilermaker
14 X brakeman and shunter
3 X bricklayer
12 X carpenter and joiner
2 X carriage and wagon repairer
4 X clerk
2 X clerk, railway
3 X draughtsman, railway and port construction
3 X driver, transportation plant
driver mechanic
electrician, maintenance
electrician, wireman
2 X engine fitter (IC and pumps)
2 X engine fitter (steam and reciprocating)
4 X engine hand, IC
14 X fireman, locomotive
8 X fitter
2 X fitter, railway signals
mason
motor mechanic
painter and decorator
66 X platelayer
2 X plumber and pipefitter
10 X railway engine driver (50% may be diesel engine drivers)
3 X riveter
2 X sheetmetal worker
9 X steelwork erectors
5 X storeman, technical and departmental, railway
4 X surveyors, engineering
2 X traffic operators
6 X welder, electric and acetylene
3 X pioneer for carpenter and joiner duties
4 X fitters mates
3 X general dutyman
officers mess orderly
2 X batman
batman driver
11 X driver
4 X motorcyclist
officers mess cook
6 X cook

2 X bicycle
4 X motorcycle
2 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X car 6seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt air compressor
6 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS
6 X 3ton 6 X 4 GS

7 X pistol
244 X rifle
17 X machine carbine
3 X Bren lmg
7 X PIAT.



HEADQUARTERS RAILWAY BRIDGING COMPANY.
War Establishment IV/167/1. July 1943.
Major
Captain
Subaltern, Specialist in Steelwork Erection.
Subaltern, Specialist in Bridge Welding.

Company Serjeant Major
staff serjeant draughtsman (railway or port construction)
corporal clerk
clerk
2 X corporal draughtsman (railway or port construction)
corporal storeman, technical
storeman, technical
corporal surveyor (engineering)
2 X general dutyman
motorcyclist
2 X batman
3 X driver
cook

2 X bicycle
1 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS

4 X pistol
13 X rifle
4 X machine carbine
1 X Bren lmg


RAILWAY BRIDGING SECTION
War Establishment IV/112/2. July 1943.
Captain
Subaltern

quartermaster serjeant (technical) as foreman steelwork erector
staff serjeant steelwork erector
serjeant specialist in bridge welding
serjeant
corporal clerk
clerk
vehicle mechanic
draughtsman (railway or port construction)
rivetor
3 X steelwork erector
storeman, technical
surveyor (engineering)
2 X general dutyman
motorcyclist
batman
2 X driver
cook

2 X bicycle
1 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS
1 X 15cwt air compressor
1 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS

2 X pistol
16 X rifle
4 X machine carbine
1 X Bren lmg
1 X PIAT


RAILWAY BRIDGING COMPANY.
War Establishment IV/221/1. December 1943.
Headquarters
Major
2 X Captain
Subaltern, Specialist in Steelwork Erection.
Subaltern, Specialist in Bridge Welding.

Company Serjeant Major
quartermaster serjeant (technical) as foreman steelwork erector
staff serjeant draughtsman (railway construction)
staff serjeant steelwork erector

corporal clerk
clerk
2 X corporal draughtsman (railway construction)
draughtsman (railway construction)
5 X driver (transportation plant)
driver mechanic
fitter
chainman
2 X motorcyclist
2 X general dutyman and orderly
photographer (cinematograph or still)
2 X corporal storeman, technical
corporal surveyor
4 X driver
officers mess cook
cook

2 X bicycle
2 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X car 4 seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS
1 x 3ton 4 X 2 GS
1 X 180 gallon water trailer

Works section
Captain
Subaltern
quartermaster serjeant (technical) as foreman steelwork erector
staff serjeant steelwork erector
serjeant specialist in bridge welding
2 X blacksmith
bricklayer
2 X carpenter and joiner
corporal clerk
corporal draughtsman (railway construction)
driver mechanic
3 X rivetor
11 X steelwork erector
storeman, technical
surveyor (engineering)
4 X general dutyman and orderly
2 X motorcyclist
3 X driver
cook

2 X bicycle
2 X motorcycle
1 X car 2 seater 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS
1 X 15cwt air compressor
2 X 3ton 4 X 2 GS


MOVEMENT CONTROL GROUP
War Establishment IV/4/4. December 1944.
This superseded WE IV/4/3 and incorporated only three amendments.
Not strictly an RE unit but it worked very closely with the RE railway operating units and all non officer personnel came from the RE.

4 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (Movement)
3 X Staff Captain (Movement)
34 X Embarkation Staff Officers, Railway Traffic Officers and Military Forwarding Officers including
17 X Captain
17 X Lieutenant
Captain, Administration
Lieutenant, Administration
Regimental Serjeant Major
4 X Quarter Master Serjeant for movement control duties
company quartermaster serjeant
17 X serjeant clerk or checker (movement control)
42 X clerk, railway
72 X checker (movement control)
driver mechanic
44 X batmen and orderlies (see note below)
4 X driver IC
4 X general dutyman

24 X bicycle
6 X motorcycle
11 X car light utility
3 X car 4 seat 4 X 2
2 X 15cwt GS

4 X Bren lmg
2 X PIAT


Headquarters A Echelon
2 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (Movement)
Staff Captain (Movement)
16 X Embarkation Staff Officers, Railway Traffic Officers and Military Forwarding Officers including
8 X Captain
8 X Lieutenant
Captain, Administration
Regimental Serjeant Major
2 X Quarter Master Serjeant for movement control duties
company quartermaster serjeant
clerk, railway
driver mechanic
driver IC

11 X bicycle
3 X motorcycle
5 X car light utility
2 X car 4 seat 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS

Headquarters B Echelon
2 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (Movement)
2 X Staff Captain (Movement)
18 X Embarkation Staff Officers, Railway Traffic Officers and Military Forwarding Officers including
9 X Captain
9 X Lieutenant
Lieutenant, Administration
2 X Quarter Master Serjeant for movement control duties
clerk, railway
3 X driver IC

13 X bicycle
3 X motorcycle
6 X car light utility
1 X car 4 seat 4 X 2
1 X 15cwt GS


4 X Section each
4 X serjeant clerk or checker (movement control)
10 X clerk, railway
18 X checker (movement control)
11 X batman and orderly
general dutyman.

Notes:
Batman orderlies are allocated as follows
One batman orderly per officer in small detachments where both batmen and orderlies are required. 21 will be allocated to base sub areas and 23 to regulating and railhead areas.
One batman per three officers in large detachments. 8 will be allocated to base sub areas and 7 to regulating and railhead areas. The remainder will form a pool of general dutymen for area offices, marshalling yards etc.

Twelve batman orderlies will be trained as drivers
Six batman orderlies will ride motorcycles.

Personnel in isolated detachments not accessible to movement control headquarters will either be billeted with subsistence or attached to the nearest unit for messing.

Cooks will be provided according to scales laid down in ACI 133 and 1222.

Four men will be trained in gas duties and decontamination work.
Three men will be trained in the use of the Bren lmg.

All other ranks will be Royal Engineers.



OPERATIONS

Military railways were used to carry supplies over the lines of communication from the Rear Maintenance Area to Railhead which was in the Forward Maintenance Area. The Rear Maintenance Area was generally around the port used to bring in supplies and the area contained a wide range of dumps and depots holding reserves of all the many items that an army needed.

Each day a list of the requirements for the entire army (or Army Group) was compiled and broken down into the components that each dump or depot would supply. Bulk trains carrying all these supplies set off down the Lines of Communication to a point where the loads could be re arranged into pack trains. This was done at a marshalling yard and shunting engines were used to assemble trains composed of all the supplies required for a particular unit. Usually this was a corp but could be a division on occasion. Pack trains travelled the greatest distance and before arriving in the forward area they would pass through a regulating station where the trains might be re arranged again. It might be that requirements had changed or that the unit for which supplies were intended had moved to another area. It might also be necessary to rearrange the wagons into trains destined for a particular commodity railhead, supply, ammunition or petrol. Finally the trains would arrive at railhead and be unloaded, first into depots and then onto the lorries that would take them further forward.

It might be necessary to insert a depot somewhere on the line which could adjust the loads to a greater extent than could the regulating station. This depot would unload and hold any surplus supplies and make up any shortages from its stocks.

Where the railway system was not yet operating, or where it had not sufficient capacity, road transport could be used instead. If possible this would consist of ten ton GS lorries. They would operate an identical system to that used by the rail transport system and the point to which they delivered was usually referred to as railhead even though there was no rail.

Bulk petrol was not generally transported by rail. Petrol was carried as far forward as possible by pipeline. After the Normandy Campaign pipelines became the sole responsibility of the US Army. Petrol was stored in collapsible tanks until it was transferred to bulk road vehicles. When petrol was moved by rail it was already in Jerricans.

The movement of trains was regulated as in a civilian rail system. There were Movement Control Centres which maintained communication up and down the system using telephone and telegraph wires laid along the railway line. Signalling and the operation of points was as on the civilian railways.


MOVEMENT CONTROL POOL.
War Establishment XIV/105/1. May 1944.
This pool provided movement control personnel for the assault phase of the campaign, and then for the Mulberry Harbour and beaches. It was superseded in November when the port of Antwerp was opened.

3 X Colonel Q (Two to be port commandants)
16 X Assistant Quartermaster General (M). (May be Principal Military Landing Officer)
36 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (M). (May be Military Landing Officer)
32 X Staff Captain (M)
29 X Assistant Military Landing Officer.

8 X Warrant Officer Class II

staff serjeant clerk
11 X serjeant clerk
36 X corporal clerk
85 X clerk
3 X corporal clerk railway
12 X checker movement control
60 X motorcyclist
16 X driver IC
22 X batman
22 X batman driver

11 X motorcycle
7 X car 5 cwt 4 X 4
6 X car cwt 4 X 4 amphibious
14 X car light utility
13 X car 4 seater 4 X 2



MOVEMENT CONTROL POOL.
War Establishment XIV/105/2. November 1944.
This pool provided movement control personnel to the Line of Communication Sub Areas and other administrative areas and districts.

3 X Colonel Q
17 X Assistant Quartermaster General (M)
59 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (M)
50 X Staff Captain (M)
105 X Captain Movement Control Officers
102 X Lieutenant Movement Control Officers
6 X Captain Administrative Officer
6 X Lieutenant Administrative Officer

37 X clerk general duties, clerk railway or checker movement control includes
6 X Warrant Officer Class I RE
31 X Warrant Officer Class II RE

Regimental Quartermaster Serjeant

120 X clerk general duties, clerk railway or checker movement control includes
7 X staff serjeant RE
113 X serjeant RE

401 X checker movement control RE
327 X clerk general duties or clerk railway RE
10 X driver mechanic
67 X motorcyclist
171 X driver IC
170 general dutyman, including batman

36 X cook

204 X bicycle
67 X motorcycle
20 X car 5 cwt 4 X 4
20 X car light utility
31 X car 4 seater 4 X 2 or 4 X 4
83 X 15cwt GS
3 X 3ton 4 X 4 GS

War Establishment XIV/105/3, March 1945, has the following additions.
2 X Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General (M)
4 X Staff Captain (M)
Warrant Officer Class II RE, Clerk (Technical)
2 X serjeant clerk, railway
13 X clerk, railway

Movement Control played a vital role throughout the campaign, ensuring that the limited transportation resources were used efficiently. However there were a number of occasions when exceptional measures were required.

Movement Control was involved from D Day in keeping units, supplies and replacements moving on the limited roads in the beachhead.

During Operation Market-Garden the movement problem for 30 Corps was a very difficult one. It involved the tactical movement of approximately 20,000 vehicles across Holland along one route, supplemented in places by a subsidiary route. Traffic control was exercised through three regulating HQs each of which controlled three traffic control posts with wireless communications. It was laid down that movement would take place by day only. Formations and units would harbour along the road each night retaining their order of priority. They would be fed into the axis as road space became available. For the first forty-eight hours rearward movement was to be restricted to an absolute minimum.

To counter the German offensive in the Ardennes 30 Corps was rapidly moved to cover the line of the Meuse. This involved crossing both the British and the American L of C but it was successfully achieved. To counter the same offensive 6 Airborne Division was brought over from UK. The move of the whole division with skeleton transport took place entirely by sea through Ostend and Calais and was completed in about four days.

In order to release British personnel from the rear areas, two Belgian Movement Control Groups were formed on British War Establishments, one early in January and the second in the middle of March.

Operation Goldflake was the move of 1 Canadian Corps and 5 British Infantry Division from Italy. Movement Control staffs were despatched to Marseilles and to all road and rail staging camps and halts. The rail journey was planned to take three days and the journey by road took five days. The movement started on 18 February and was completed in the second week in April.

For the initial crossings of the Rhine a special organisation was established to control the movement of personnel and vehicles across the river by amphibians and rafts before the bridges were complete. This organisation was modelled on the lines of the beach group without the service elements except for Medical, Provost and REME and was known as the "Bank Control Group". Bank control groups were formed on the basis of one per assault corps and controlled all movement forward from the marshalling areas to dispersal areas on the far bank.



BUILD UP CONTROL ORGANISATION
War Establishment XIV/57/1. December 1944.
Supersedes VIII/685/2. This was a UK establishment.
A Build Up Control Organisation was established in UK to control the movement of ships and craft from the UK and the movement of personnel and vehicles to ships and craft from the concentration and marshalling areas. This organisation was also responsible for the post D-day concentration plan and for ensuring that all units were ready in time to move to marshalling areas for embarkation.

Colonel, General Staff. Chairman.
staff serjeant personal assistant

Staff
3 X General Staff Officer 2nd Grade
3 X General Staff Officer 3rd Grade
9 X clerk RASC including
corporal clerk
corporal short hand typist
4 X clerk
3 X shorthand typist
draughtsman topographical RE

Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster General
Deputy Assistant Adjutant General
Staff Captain A
Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General
Staff Captain Q
8 X clerk RASC including
2 X serjeant
4 X clerk
2 X shorthand typist

Despatch Office
corporal clerk RASC
7 X clerk RASC

Local Administrative Appointments
Captain Camp Commandant
company quartermaster serjeant
4 X batman
3 X batman driver
clerk RASC
3 X driver IC
4 X orderly

3 X car light utility
3 X car 4 seater 4 X 2

Notes:
Light utilities include two for staff at port of embarkation.
Six clerks will be ATS.
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